2006-11-13

Indice de carga glicemica de alimentos comunes




Ranking: 20%
Confirma que los alimentos más cercanos a nuestra alimentación como homínidos sigue siendo los que más nos convienen desde todo punto de vista, incluyendo la carga glicémica.
Este índice glucémico y de carga glicémica de alimentos que se consumen comúnmente, se irá traduciendo, completando y mejorando con el tiempo.


INDICE GLICEMICO DE ALIMENTOS COMUNES
Cereales
Copos de maíz83
Crema de Trigo66
Copos con azúcar55
Uvas pasas
67
Muesli, natural54
Nutri-grano66
Salvado de Pasa73
Harina de trigo67
Frutas
manzana38
albaricoques57
plátano56
Mamón, papaya65
cerezas22
Dátiles103
Toronja, pomelo25
uvas46
kiwi52
mango55
naranja43
papaya58
melocotón42
pera58
Piña, ananá66
Ciruelas39
Ciruelas pasas15
Bocados

Tableta de chocolate49
croissant67
rosquilla76
galleta de harina de avena57
pizza, queso y tomate60
palomitas de maíz,
55
patatas fritas56
Barras de cereales
58
galletas tostadas con sal83
galletas de mantecada64
Barra de Snikers41
mermelada de fresa51
obleas de vainilla77
Cereales
cebada25
basmati, arroz blanco58
Couscous / cuscús65
harina de maíz68
mijo71
Azúcares
fructosa22
miel62
Maltosa105
Pastas
queso tortellini50
fettucini32
linguini50
macarrones46
spaghetti, hervido 5 minutos33
spaghetti, hervido 15 minutos44
fideos35
Sopas/Verduras
Remolachas enlatadas64
sopa de alubia negra64
zanahorias, hervidas
49
caramelo de maíz
56
sopa de guisante verde,
66
guisante verde, congelado47
chirivías97
guisantes, frescos, hervidos48
sopa de tomate38
Bebidas
jugo de manzana40
colas65
Gatorade78
jugo de pomelo48
jugo de naranja46
jugo de ananás46
Productos de Leche
leche de chocolate35
natillas43
Helado de crema60
leche desnatada32
leche de soja31
tofú
115
leche entera30
Yogur con frutas36
Yogur natural14
Alubias
horneadas44
alubias negras, hervidas30
porotos manteca, hervidos33
alubias de cannellini31
garbanzo, hervido34
porotos, hervidos29
Porotos enlatados52
lentejas, verdes y marrones30
poroto pinto, hervido39
lentejas rojas, hervidas27
soja, hervida16
Panes
bagel, simple72
Baguette95
croissant67
Hamburguesa61
Bollos
manzana44
arándano59
avena y pasa54
pita57
Pizza con queso60
pan negro de centeno49
pan fermentado54
centeno64
blanco70
trigo68
Raíces
patatas fritas75
Papas hervidas59
Puré de papas70
Batatas54

INDICE INTERNACIONAL DE CARGA GLICEMICA




























































TABLA INTERNACIONAL REVISADA DE íNDICE GLICéMICO Y CARGA GLICéMICA
Alimentos Indice Glicémico cada 100 gramos Porción en gramos Carga Glicémica por porción
PRODUCTOS HORNEADOS


Tortas


Torta Angel food (Loblaw's, Toronto, Canada) 67 50 19
Tarta de banana con azúcar 47±8 80 18
Tarta de banana sin azúcar
55±10
80 16
Torta de chocolate 38±3 111 20
Cupcake, strawberry-iced 73±12 38 19
Lamingtons (sponge dipped in chocolate and coconut) 87±17 50 25
Pound cake (Sara Lee Canada, Bramalea, Canada) 54 53 15
Sponge cake, solo 46±6 63 17
Torta de Vainilla (Betty Crocker) 42±4 111 24
Croissant (media lunas) 67 57 17
Crumpet 69 50 13
Doughnut, cake type 76 47 17
Flan cake 65 70 31

Muffins



de manzana con azúcar 44±6 60 13
de manzana sin azúcar 48±10 60 9
de manzana, avena,pasas 54±4 50 14
Damasco, coconut and honey, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co., Australia) 60±4 50 16
Banana, avena y miel (Defiance Milling Co.) 65±11 50 17
Avena tipo Bran (Culinar Inc., Grandma Martin's Muffins) 60 57 15
Blueberry (Culinar Inc.) 59 57 17
Carrot (Culinar Inc., Canada) 62 57 20
Chocolate butterscotch, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co., Australia) 53±5 50
15
de maiz bajo en amilosa 102 57 30
de maiz con alta amilosa 49

Oatmeal, muffin, made from mix (Quaker Oats Co. of Canada, Peterborough, Canada) 69 50 24
Pancakes, prepared from shake mix (Green's General Foods, Glendenning, NSW, Australia) 67±5 80 39
Pancakes, buckwheat, gluten-free, made from packet mix (Orgran Natural Foods, 102±11 77 22
Carrum Downs, Vic, Australia)


Pastry 59±6 57 15
Pikelets, Golden brand (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 85±14 40 18

Scones, simple, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co., Australia)
92±8 25 8
Waffles, Aunt Jemima (Quaker Oats Co. of Canada) 76 35 10




BEBIDAS


Coca Cola ®


Coca Cola ® (Australia) 53±7 250 14
Coca Cola ® , (Atlanta, GA, USA) 63 250 16
promedio entre ambas 58±5

de naranja reconstituida (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 66±8 250 13
Fanta ® Australia 68±6 250 23

Lucozade ® , original (sparkling glucose drink) (Glaxo Wellcome Ltd., Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK)
95±10 250 40
Smoothie, raspberry (Con Agra Inc., Omaha, NE, USA) 33±9 250 14
Smoothie drink, soy, banana (So Natural Foods, Tarren Point, NSW, Australia) 6 30±3 250 7
Smoothie drink, soy, chocolate hazelnut (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 34±3 250 8
Solo TM, lemon squash, soft drink (Cadbury Schweppes, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 58±5 250 17
Up & Go, cocoa malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast) 6 43±5 250 11
(Sanitarium Health Foods, Berkeley Vale, NSW, Australia)



Up & Go, original malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast) 6
46±5 250 11
(Sanitarium Health Foods, Australia)


Xpress, chocolate (soy bean, cereal and legume extract drink with fructose) 6 39±2 250 13
(So Natural Foods, Australia)


Jugos


Jugo de Manzana



Jugo de manzana, puro, unsweetened, reconstituted (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 39±5

Jugo de manzana, unsweetened 40

Jugo de manzana, unsweetened (Allens, Toronto, Canada) 41

mean of three studies
40±1
250 12
Jugo de manzana, puro, claro, sin azúcar (Wild About Fruit, Wandin, Vic, Australia) 44±2 250 13
Jugo de manzana, puro, cloudy, sin azúcar (Wild About Fruit, Australia) 37±3 250 10
Apple and cherry juice, puro, sin azúcar (Wild About Fruit, Australia) 43±3 250 14
Carrot juice, freshly made (Sydney, Australia) 6 43±3 250 10
Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray ® , Melbourne, Vic, Australia) 52±3 250 16
Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray ® Inc., Lakeville-Middleboro, MA, USA) 68±3 250 24
Cranberry juice drink, Ocean Spray ® (Gerber Ltd., Bridgewater, Somerset, UK) 56±4 250 16

Grapefruit juice, unsweetened (Sunpac, Toronto, Canada)
48 250 11
Jugo de Naranja



Orange Juice (Canada) 46±6

Orange juice, unsweetened, reconstituted (Quelch ® , Berri Ltd., Carlton, Vic, Australia) 53±6

promedio de dos estudios 50±4 250 13
Pineapple juice, unsweetened (Dole Packaged Foods, Toronto, Canada) 46 250 16
Tomato juice, enlatado, no added sugar (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 6 38±4 250 4
Yakult ® , fermented milk drink with Lactobacilus casei (Yakult, Dandenong, Vic, Australia) 46±6 65 6
Bebidas Deportivas


Gatorade ® (Spring Valley Beverages Pty Ltd., Cheltenham, Vic, Australia) 78±13 250 12
Isostar ® (Novartis Consumer Health, Nyon, Switzerland) 70±15 250 13
Sports Plus ® (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 74±6 250 13
Sustagen Sport ® (Mead Johnson, Rydalmere, NSW, Australia) 43±9 250 21
Bebidas hechas de mezclas



Build-Up TM nutrient-fortified drink, vanilla with fiber, (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 41±4 250 14
Complete Hot Chocolate mix made with hot water (Nestlé, Australia) 51±3 250 11
Hi-Pro energy drink mix, vanilla, containing soy protein and whey powder 36±3 250 7
(Harrod foods, Sefton, NSW, Australia) mixed in reduced-fat (1.5%) cow's milk


Malted milk powder in full-fat cow's milk (Nestlé, Australia) 45±3 250 12
Milo TM (chocolate nutrient-fortified drink powder)


Milo TM (Nestlé, Australia) dissolved in water 55±3 250 9
Milo TM (Nestlé, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) dissolved in water 52±5 250 9
promedio de dos estudios 54±2

Milo TM (Nestlé, Australia) dissolved in full-fat cow's milk 35±2 250 9
Milo TM (Nestlé, Nueva Zelanda) dissolved in full-fat cow's milk 36±3 250
9
promedio de dos estudios 36±1

Nutrimeal TM, meal replacement drink, Dutch Chocolate (Usana, Salt Lake City, UT, USA) 26±3 250 4
Quik TM (sweet drink powder)


Quik TM, chocolate (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia), dissolved in water 53±5 250 4
Quik TM, chocolate (Nestlé, Australia), dissolved in 1.5% fat milk 41±4 250 5
Quik TM, strawberry (Nestlé, Australia), dissolved in water 64±8 250 5
Quik TM, strawberry (Nestlé, Australia), dissolved in 1.5% fat milk 35±3 250 4




Panes


Bagel, blanco, frozen (Lender's Bakery, Montreal, Canada) 72 70 25
Baguette, blanco, plain (France) 95±15 30 15
French baguette with chocolate spread (France) 72±8 70 27
French baguette with butter and strawberry jam (France) 62±7 70 26
Pain au lait (Pasquier, France) 63±10 60 20
Bread stuffing, Paxo (Campbell Soup Co Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 74 30 16
Barley Breads


Coarse barley kernel bread, 75-80% kernels


75% kernels 27 30 5

80% scalded intact kernels (20% white wheat flour)
34 30 7
80% intact kernels (20% white wheat flour) 40 30 8
mean of three studies 34±4

Barley kernel bread, 50% kernels


50% kernels (Canada) 43 30 9
50% kibbled barley (Australia) 48 30 10
promedio de dos estudios 46±2 30 9
Sunflower and barley bread (Riga bakeries, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 57±6 30 6
Barley flour breads


100% barley flour (Canada); (rye bread composition) 67 30 9

Wholemeal barley flour (80%) bread (20% white wheat flour) (Sweden)
67 30 13
Wholemeal barley bread, flat, thin, soft 50 30 7
(50% regular barley flour, 50% high-fibre barley flour) (Sweden)


Wholemeal barley bread, flat, thin, soft 43 30 5
(20% regular barley flour, 80% high-fibre barley flour) (Sweden)


Wholemeal barley flour (80%) and white wheat flour (20%) breads -


fermented or with added organic acids or salts (Sweden)


Wholemeal barley flour bread (used as reference for the 5 breads below) 5 70 30 14

Wholemeal barley flour bread with sourdough (lactic acid) 5
53 30 10
Wholemeal barley flour bread with lactic acid 5 66 30 12
Wholemeal barley flour bread with calcium lactate 5 59 30 12
Wholemeal barley flour bread with sodium propionate 5 65 30 13
Wholemeal barley flour bread with higher dose sodium propionate 5 57 30 11
Buckwheat bread


Buckwheat bread, 50% dehusked buckwheat groats and 50% white wheat flour (Sweden) 47 30 10
Fruit Breads


Bürgen TM Fruit loaf (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 44±5
30
6
Fruit and Spice Loaf, thick sliced (Buttercup bakeries, Moorebank, NSW, Australia) 54±6 30 8
Continental fruit loaf, wheat bread with dried fruit (Australia) 47±6 30 7
Happiness TM (cinnamon, raisin, pecan bread) (Natural Ovens, Manitowoc, WI, USA) 63±5 30 9
Muesli bread, made from packet mix in bread making machine (Con Agra Inc., USA) 54±6 30 7
Hamburger bun (Loblaw's, Toronto, Canada) 61 30 9
Kaiser rolls (Loblaw's, Canada) 73 30 12
Melba toast, Old London (Best Foods Canada Inc., Etobicoke, Canada) 70 30 16
Pan sin Gluten



Gluten-free multigrain bread (Country Life Bakeries, Dandenong, Vic, Australia) 79±13 30 10
Gluten-free white bread, unsliced (gluten-free wheat starch) (UK) 71 30 11
Gluten-free white bread, sliced (gluten-free wheat starch) (UK) 80 30 12
promedio de dos estudios 76±5 30 11
Gluten-free fiber-enriched, unsliced (gluten-free wheat starch, soya bran) (UK) 69 30 9
Gluten-free fiber-enriched, sliced (gluten-free wheat starch, soya bran) (UK) 76 30 10
promedio de dos estudios 73±4 30 9
Oat Bread



Coarse oat kernel bread, 80% intact oat kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden)
65 30 12
Oat bran bread


50% oat bran (Australia) 44 30 8
45% oat bran and 50% wheat flour (Sweden) 50 30 9
promedio de dos estudios 47±3 30 9
Rice bread


Rice bread, low-amylose Calrose rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery, Ingleburn, NSW, Australia) 72±9 30 8
Rice bread, high-amylose Doongara rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery, Australia) 61±9 30 7
Rye Bread



Rye kernel (pumpernickel) bread



Coarse rye kernel bread, 80% intact kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden) 41 30 5
Rye kernel bread (Pumpernickel) (Canada) 41 30 5
Wholegrain pumpernickel (Holtzheuser Brothers Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 46 30 5
Rye kernel bread, Pumpernickel (80% kernels) (Canada) 55 30 7
Cocktail, sliced (Kasselar Food Products, Toronto, Canada) 55 30 7
Cocktail, sliced (Kasselar Food Products, Canada) 62 30 8
promedio de seis estudios 50±4 30 6
Wholemeal rye bread



Wholemeal rye bread (Canada)
41

Wholemeal rye bread (Canada) 62

Wholemeal rye bread (Canada) 63

Wholemeal rye bread (Canada) 66

promedio de cuatro estudios 58±6 30 8
Specialty rye breads


Blackbread, Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 76±14 30 10
Bürgen TM Dark/Swiss rye (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 55±12

Bürgen TM Dark/Swiss rye (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 74±6

promedio de dos estudios 65±10 30 7

Klosterbrot wholemeal rye bread (Dimpflmeier Bakery Ltd., Canada)
67 30 9
Light rye (Silverstein's Bakery, Toronto, Canada) 68 30 10
Linseed rye (Rudolph's Specialty Bakery Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 55 30 7
Roggenbrot, Vogel's (Stevns & Co, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 59±5 30 8
Schinkenbrot, Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 86±15 30 12
Sourdough rye (Canada) 57

Sourdough rye (Australia) 48

promedio de dos estudios 53±5 30 6
Volkornbrot, wholemeal rye bread (Dimpflmeier Bakery Ltd., Canada) 56 30 7

Wheat Breads



Coarse wheat kernel bread, 80% intact kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden) 52 30 10
Cracked wheat kernel (bulgur) bread


50% cracked wheat kernel (Canada) 58 30 12
75% cracked wheat kernels (Canada) 48 30 10
promedio de dos estudios 53±3 30 11
Spelt wheat breads


White spelt wheat bread 9 (Slovenia) 74 30 17
Wholemeal spelt wheat bread 9 (Slovenia) 63 30 12
Scalded spelt wheat kernel bread 9 (Slovenia) 67 30
15
Spelt multigrain bread ® (Pav's bakery, Australia) 54±10 30 7
White wheat flour bread


White flour (Canada) 69±5 30 10
White flour (USA) 70 30 10
White flour, Sunblest TM (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 70 30 10
White flour (Dempster's Corporate Foods Ltd., Canada) 71 30 10
White flour (South Africa) 71±7 30 9
White flour (Canada) 71 30 10
promedio de seis estudios 70±0 30 10
White wheat flour bread, hard, toasted (Italian) 73 30 11
Wonder TM, enriched white bread (Interstate Brands Companies, Kansas City, MO, USA) 71±9

Wonder TM, enriched white bread (Interstate Brands Companies, USA) 72±4

Wonder TM, enriched white bread (Interstate Brands Companies, USA) 77±3

mean of three studies 73±2 30 10
White Turkish bread (Turkey) 87 30 15
White bread with enzyme inhibitors


White bread + acarbose (200mg) (Mexico) 18 30 3
White bread + acarbose (200mg) (Mexico) 50 30 8
mean in two groups of subjects 34±16 30 6

White bread roll + 3 mg trestatin (pancreatic alpha-amylase inhibitor) (Switzerland) 5
48 30 6
White bread roll + 6 mg trestatin (Switzerland) 5 29 30 4
White bread with soluble fiber


White bread + 15 g psyllium fiber (Plantago psyllium) (Mexico) 41 30 7
White bread + 15 g psyllium fiber (Plantago psyllium) (Mexico) 65 30 11
mean in two groups of subjects 53±12 30 9
White bread eaten with vinegar as vinaigrette (Sweden) 45 30 7
White bread eaten with powdered dried seaweed (Nori alga) (Spain) 48 30 7

White bread containing Eurylon ® high-amylose maize starch (France) 12
42 30 8
White fiber-enriched bread


Blanco, high-fiber (Dempster's Corporate Foods Ltd., Canada) 67

Blanco, high-fiber (Weston's Bakery, Toronto, Canada) 69

promedio de dos estudios 68±1 30 9
White resistant starch-enriched bread


Fibre White TM (Nature's Fresh, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 77±10 30 11
Wonderwhite TM (Buttercup Bakeries, Australia) 80±8 30 11
Wholemeal (whole wheat) wheat flour bread


Wholemeal flour (Canada) 52 30 6
Wholemeal flour (Canada) 64 30 8
Wholemeal flour (Canada) 65 30 8
Wholemeal flour (Canada) 67 30 8
Wholemeal flour (Canada) 67 30 8
Wholemeal flour (Canada) 69 30 8
Wholemeal flour (Canada) 71 30 8
Wholemeal flour (Canada) 72±6 30 8
Wholemeal flour (USA) 5 73 30 10
Wholemeal flour (South Africa) 75±9 30 9

Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)
77±9 30 9
Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 78±16 30 9
Wholemeal flour (Kenya) 87 30 11
mean of thirteen studies 71± 2 30 9
Wholemeal Turkish bread 49 30 8
Specialty wheat breads


Bürgen ® Mixed Grain bread (Australia)


Bürgen ® Mixed Grain (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 34±4

Bürgen ® Mixed Grain 45±12

Bürgen ® Mixed Grain 69±6


mean of three studies
49±10 30 6
Bürgen ® Oat Bran & Honey Loaf with Barley (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 31±3 30 3
Bürgen ® Soy-Lin, kibbled soy (8%) and linseed (8%) loaf (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 36±4 30 3
English Muffin TM bread (Natural Ovens, USA) 77±7 30 11
Healthy Choice TM Hearty 7 Grain (Con Agra Inc., USA) 55±6 30 8
Healthy Choice TM Hearty 100% Whole Grain (Con Agra Inc., USA) 62±6 30 9
Helga's TM Classic Seed Loaf (Quality Bakers, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 68±9 30 9
Helga's TM traditional wholemeal bread (Quality Bakers, Australia) 70±14 30 9

Hunger Filler TM, whole grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA)
59±8 30 7
Molenberg TM (Goodman Fielder, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 75±10

Molenberg TM (Goodman Fielder, Nueva Zelanda) 84±8

promedio de dos estudios 80±5 30 11
9-Grain Multi-Grain (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 43±5 30 6
Multigrain Loaf, spelt wheat flour (Australia) 54±10 30 8
Multigrain (50% kibbled wheat grain) (Australia) 43 30 6
Nutty Natural TM, whole grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA) 59±7 30 7
Performax TM (Country Life Bakeries, Dandenong, Vic, Australia) 38±3 30 5

Ploughman's TM Wholegrain, original recipe (Quality Bakers, Australia)
47 30 7
Ploughman's TM Wholemeal, smooth milled (Quality Bakers, Australia) 64±10 30 9
Semolina Bread (Kenya) 64

Sourdough wheat (Australia) 54 30 8
Soy & Linseed bread (made from packet mix in bread maker) (Con Agra Inc., USA) 50±6 30 5
Stay Trim TM, whole grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA) 70±10 30 10
Sunflower & Barley bread, Riga brand (Berzin's Specialty Bakery, Australia) 57±6 30 7
Vogel's Honey & Oats (Stevns & Co., Sydney, NSW, Australia) 55±5 30 7
Vogel's Roggenbrot (Stevns & Co., Australia)
59±5
30 8
Whole-wheat snack bread (Ryvita Co Ltd., Poole, Dorset, UK) 74 30 16
100% Whole Grain TM bread (Natural Ovens, USA) 51±11 30 7
White wheat flour flatbread (Sweden) 79 30 13
Unleavened Breads


Lebanese bread, white (Seda Bakery, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 75±9 30 12
Middle Eastern flatbread 97±29 30 15
Pita bread, white (Canada) 57 30 10
Wheat flour flatbread (India) 66±9 30 10
Amaranth : wheat (25:75) composite flour flatbread (India) 66±10 30 10

Amaranth : wheat (50:50) composite flour flatbread (India)
76±20 30 11




BREAKFAST CEREALS AND RELATED PRODUCTS


All-Bran TM (high-fiber, extruded wheat bran cereal)


All-Bran TM (Kellogg's, Pagewood, NSW, Australia) 13 30 30 4
All-Bran TM (Kellogg's, Battle Creek, MI, USA) 38 30 9
All-Bran TM (Kellogg's Inc., Etobicoke, Canada) 50 30 9
All-Bran TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 51±5 30 9
promedio de cuatro estudios 42±5

All-Bran Fruit 'n Oats TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 39 30
7
All-Bran Soy 'n Fibre TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 33±3 30 4
Amaranth (Amaranthus esculentum) popped, 97±19 30 18
eaten with milk and non-nutritive sweetener (India)


Barley porridge


Wholemeal barley flour porridge (100% regular barley) 68 50 (seca) 23
(flour:water = 1:3), hervido 2.5 min (Sweden)


Wholemeal high-fibre barley flour porridge 55 50 (seca) 8
(50% regular barley flour: 50% high-fibre barley flour) (Sweden)


Barley porridge made from steamed thin (0.5 mm) dehulled barley flakes (Sweden) 62 50 (seca) 17
Barley porridge made from steamed thick (1.0 mm) dehulled barley flakes (Sweden) 65 50 (seca) 18
Bran Buds TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 15 58 30 7
Bran Buds with psyllium (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 15 47 30 6
Bran Chex TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 15 58 30 11
Bran Flakes TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 74 30 13
Cheerios TM (General Mills Inc., Etobicoke, Canada) 15 74 30 15
Chocapic TM (Nestlé, France) 84±9 30 21
Coco Pops TM (cocoa flavoured puffed rice)


Coco Pops TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±8

Coco Pops TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±3

promedio de dos estudios 77 30 20
Corn Bran TM (Quaker Oats Co. of Canada, Peterborough, Canada) 15 75 30 15
Corn Chex TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 83 30 21
Cornflakes TM


Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 72±16 30 18
Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77 30 20
Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 80±6 30 21
Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 86 30 22
Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's, USA) 5 92 30 24
mean of five studies 81±3 30 21
Cornflakes, high-fiber (Presidents Choice, Sunfresh Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 15 74 30 17
Cornflakes, Crunchy Nut TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 72±4 30 17
Corn Pops TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 80±4 30 21
Cream of Wheat TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 66 250 17
Cream of Wheat TM, Instant (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 74 250 22
Crispix TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 15 87 30 22
Energy Mix TM (Quaker, France) 80±7 30 19
Froot Loops TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 69±9 30 18

Frosties TM, sugar-coated cornflakes (Kellogg's, Australia)
55 30 15
Fruitful Lite TM (Hubbards, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 61±20 30 12
Fruity-Bix TM, berry (Sanitarium, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 113±10 30 25
Golden Grahams TM (General Mills Inc., Canada) 15 71 30 18
Golden Wheats TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 71±8 30 16
Grapenuts TM


Grapenuts TM (Post, Kraft General Foods Inc., Toronto, Canada) 15 67 30 13
Grapenuts TM (Kraft Foods Inc., Port Chester, NY, USA) 75±6 30 16
promedio de dos estudios 71±4 30 15

Grapenuts TM Flakes (Post, Kraft General Foods Inc., Canada) 15
80 30 17
Guardian TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 37±9 30 5
Healthwise TM for bowel health (Uncle Toby's, Wahgunyah, Vic, Australia) 66±9 30 12
Healthwise TM for heart health (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 48±5 30 9
Honey Rice Bubbles TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±4 30 20
Honey Smacks TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 71±10 30 16
Hot cereal, apple & cinnamon (Con Agra Inc., USA) 37±6 30 8
Hot cereal, unflavoured (Con Agra Inc., USA) 25±5 30 5
Just Right TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 60±15 30 13

Just Right Just Grains TM (Kellogg's, Australia)
62±11 30 14
Komplete TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 48±5 30 10
Life TM (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 15 66 30 16
Mini Wheats TM, whole wheat (Kellogg's, Australia) 58±8 30 12
Mini Wheats TM, blackcurrant (Kellogg's, Australia) 72±10 30 15
Muesli


Muesli, NS (Canada) 66±9 30 16
Alpen Muesli (Wheetabix, France) 55±10 30 10
Muesli, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Cheltenham, Vic, Australia) with 1.5% fat milk 39±6 30 7
Muesli, Lite (Sanitarium, Nueva Zelanda) 54±12 30
10
Muesli, Natural (Sanitarium, Nueva Zelanda) 57±9 30 11
Muesli, Natural (Sanitarium, Australia) 40±6 30 8
promedio de dos estudios 49±9 30 10
Muesli, No Name (Sunfresh Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 15 60 30 11
Muesli, Swiss Formula (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 56±8 30 9
Muesli, toasted (Purina, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 43+4 30 7
Nutrigrain TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 66±12 30 10
Oat 'n Honey Bake TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±11 30 13
Oat bran


Oat bran, raw (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 15 50 10 2
Oat bran, raw 59 10 3
promedio de dos estudios 55±5 10 3
Porridge made from rolled oats


Porridge (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 13 42 250 9
Porridge (Canada) 16 49±8 250 11
Traditional porridge oats (Lowan Whole Foods, Box Hill, Vic, Australia) 51±8 250 11
Porridge (Hubbards, Nueva Zelanda) 58±9 250 12
Porridge (Australia) 58±4 250 12
Porridge (Canada) 62 250 14
Porridge (Canada) 69 250 16
Porridge (USA) 6
75
250 17
mean of eight studies 58±4 250 13
Wholemeal oat flour porridge (flour:water = 1:3), hervido 2.5 min (Sweden) 74 50 (seca) 24
Oat porridge made from thick (1.0 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 55 250 15
Oat porridge made from roasted thin (0.5 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 69 250 19
Oat porridge made from roasted thick (1.0 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 50 250 14
Oat porridge made from roasted and steamed thin (0.5 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 80 250 22
Oat porridge made from steamed thick (1.0 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 53 250 14

Instant Porridge



Quick Oats (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 65

One Minute Oats (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 15 66

promedio de dos estudios 66±1 250 17
Pop Tarts TM, Double Chocolate (Kellogg's, Australia) 70±2 50 25
Pro Stars TM (General Mills Inc., Canada) 15 71 30 17
Puffed Wheat


Puffed Wheat (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 15 67 30 13
Puffed Wheat (Sanitarium, Australia) 80±11 30 17
promedio de dos estudios 74±7 30 16

Raisin Bran TM (Kellogg's, USA)
61±5 30 12
Red River Cereal (Maple Leaf Mills, Toronto, Canada) 49 30 11
Rice Bran, extruded (Rice Growers Co-Operative Ltd., Leeton, NSW, Australia) 19±3 30 2
Rice Bubbles TM (puffed rice)


Rice Bubbles TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 13 81

Rice Bubbles TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 85±3

Rice Bubbles TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 95

mean of three studies 87±4 30 22
Rice Chex TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 89 30 23

Rice Krispies TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 15
82 30 21
Shredded Wheat
30 22
Shredded Wheat (Canada) 67±10 30 13
Shredded Wheat TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 83 30 17
promedio de dos estudios 75±8 30 15
Special K TM - formulation of this cereal varies in different countries


Special K TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 54±4 30 11
Special K TM (Kellogg's, USA) 69±5 30 14
Special K TM (Kellogg's, France) 84±12 30 20

Soy Tasty TM (flaked grains, soy nuts, dried fruit) (Sanitarium, Australia)
60±5 30 12
Soytana TM, Vogel's, soy and linseed bran crunch with sultanas (20.1 g fiber per 100 g), 49±3 45 12
(Specialty Cereals, Mt Kuring-gai, NSW, Australia)


Sultana Bran TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 73±13 30 14
Sustain TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 13 68 30 15
Team TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 82 30 17
Thank Goodness TM (Hubbards, Nueva Zelanda) 65±18 30 15
Total TM (General Mills Inc., Canada) 15 76 30 17
Ultra-bran TM, Vogel's, soy and linseed extruded wheat bran cereal (30.2 g fiber per 100 g)
41±4
30 5
(Specialty Cereals, Australia)


Wheat-bites TM (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 72±11 30 18
Wheat biscuits (plain flaked wheat)


Vita-Brits TM (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 13 61 30 12
Vita-Brits TM (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 68±6 30 13
Weet-Bix TM (Sanitarium, Australia) 69 30 12
Weet-Bix TM (Sanitarium, Australia) 69±4 30 12
Weetabix TM (Weetabix of Canada Ltd., Thornhill, Canada) 15 74 30 16
Weetabix TM (Weetabix of Canada Ltd.) 75±10 30 16

Whole wheat Goldies TM (Kellogg's, Australia)
70±4 30 14
mean of seven studies 70±2 30 13
Wheat biscuits (flaked wheat) with additional ingredients


Good Start TM, muesli wheat biscuits (Sanitarium, Australia) 68±4 30 14
Hi-Bran Weet-Bix TM, wheat biscuits with extra wheat bran (Sanitarium, Australia) 61±4 30 10
Hi-Bran Weet-Bix TM with soy and linseed (Sanitarium, Australia) 57±3 30 9
Honey Goldies TM (Kellogg's Australia) 72±3 30 15
Lite-Bix TM, simple, no added sugar (Sanitarium, Australia) 70±3 30 14
Oat bran Weet-Bix TM (Sanitarium, Australia) 57±4 30 11
Sultana Goldies TM (Kellogg's Australia) 65±6 30 13




BREAKFAST CEREAL BARS


Crunchy Nut Cornflakes TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia) 72±6 30 19
Fibre Plus TM bar (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 78±9 30 18
Fruity-Bix TM bar, fruit and nut, wheat biscuit cereal with dried fruit and nuts 56±4 30 10
with yoghurt coating (Sanitarium, Australia)


Fruity-Bix TM bar, wild berry, wheat biscuit cereal with fruit and covered with 51±4 30 9
yoghurt coating (Sanitarium, Australia)



K-Time Just Right TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia)
72±4 30 17
K-Time Strawberry Crunch TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±5 30 19
Rice Bubble Treat TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia) 63±11 30 15
Sustain TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia) 57±10 30 14




CEREAL GRAINS


Amaranth


Amaranth (Amaranthus esculentum) popped, 97±19 30 21
eaten with milk and non-nutritive sweetener (India)


Barley


Pearl Barley


Cebada, pearled (Canada) 22

Barley (Canada) 22

Cebada, pot, hervido in salted water 20 min (Gouda's foods, Concord, Canada) 25±2

Barley (Canada) 27

Cebada, pearled (Canada) 29

mean of five studies 25±1 150 11
Barley (Hordeum vulgare) (India) 37

Barley (Hordeum vulgare) (India) 48

mean of two groups of subjects 43±6 150 26
Cebada, cracked (Malthouth, Tunisia) 50 150 21
Cebada, arrollada (Australia) 66±5
50 (seca)
25
trigo sarraceno


trigo sarraceno (Canada) 49

trigo sarraceno (Canada) 51±10

trigo sarraceno (Canada) 63

mean of three studies 54±4 150 16
Buckwheat groats, hydrothermally treated, dehusked, hervido 12 min (Sweden) 45 150 13
Corn/Maize


Maiz (Zea Mays), chapatti hecho de harina (India) 59

Maize meal porridge/gruel (Kenya) 109

Harina de maiz



Harina de maiz, hervida en agua salada 2 min (McNair Products Co. Ltd., Toronto, Canada)
68 150 9
Harina de maíz + margarina (McNair Products Co. Ltd., Canada) 69 150 9
promedio de dos estudios 69±1 150 9
Maíz dulce


Maíz dulce, 'Honey & Pearl' variety (New Zealand) 37±12 150 11
Maíz dulce, en mazorca, hervido 20 min (Australia) 48 150 14
Maíz dulce (Canada) 59±11 150 20
Maíz dulce (USA) 60 150 20
Maíz dulce (USA) 60 150 20
Maíz dulce (Sudáfrica)
62±5
150 20
promedio de seis estudios 53±4 150 17
Maíz dulce, grano entero, enlatado, empacado, seco (Featherweight, USA) 46 150 13
Maíz dulce, congelado, recalentado en microondas 47 150 16
(Green Giant Pillsbury Ltd., Toronto, Canada)


Taco shells, cornmeal-based, baked (Old El Paso Foods Co., Toronto, Canada) 68 20 8
Couscous


Couscous, hervido 5 min (Near East Food Products Co., Leominster, MA, USA) 61

Couscous, hervido 5 min (Túnez) 69

promedio de dos estudios 65±4 150 23
Millet


Millet, hervidas (Canada) 71±10 150 25
Millet flour porridge (Kenya) 107

Arroz, blanco


Arborio, risotto rice, hervido (Sun Rice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia) 69±7 150 36
Blanco (Oryza sativa), hervido (India) 69±15 150 30
Arroz, blanco hervido, tipo NS


tipo NS, comido solo (Francia) 45 150 14
Tipo NS (India) 48 150 18
Tipo NS (Canada) 51 150 21
Tipo NS (France) 52 150 19
Tipo NS (Canada) 56 150 23
Tipo NS (Pakistan) 69 150 26
Tipo NS (Canada) 72±9 150 30
tipo NS, hervido en agua salada (India) 72 150 27
tipo NS, hervido 13 min (Italy) 102 150 31
Tipo NS (Kenya) 112 150 47
tipo NS, hervido (Francia) 43 150 13
tipo NS, hervido (Francia) 47 150 14
promedio de 12 estudios 64±7 150 23
tipo NS, hervido en agua salada, refrigerado 16-20h, recalentado (India) 53 150 20
tipo NS, hervido 13 min, luego hervido 10 min (Italy) 104 150 31
Grano largo, hervido


Grano largo, hervido 5 min (Canada) 41 150 16
Grano largo, blanco, pelado, hervido 15 min (Mahatma brand, Riviana Foods, 50 150 21
Wetherill Park, NSW, Australia )


Gema grano largo (Dainty Food Inc., Toronto, Canada) 55 150 22
Grano largo, blanco (Uncle Bens, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 56±7 150 24
Grano largo, hervido 25 min (Surinam) 56±2 150 24
Gema grano largo (Dainty Food Inc., Canada) 57 150 23
Grano largo, hervido 15 min 58 150 23
Gema grano largo (Dainty Food Inc., Canada) 60 150 24
Gema grano largo (Dainty Food Inc., Canada) 60 150 24
Grano largo, blanco, hervido 7 min (Star brand, Gouda foods, Concord, Canada) 64±3 150 26
promedio de 10 estudios 56±2 150 23
Arroz, grano largo, variedad de cocinado rápido


Grano largo, sancochado 10 min de tiempo de cocción (Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, Belgium) 68±6 150 25
Grano largo, sancochado, 20 min cooking time (Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, Belgium)
75±7
150 28
Grano largo, blanco, precocido, al microondas 2 min (Express Rice, simple, Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods 52±5 150 19
King's Lynn, Norfolk, UK)


Arroz, specialty rices


Cajun Style, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Bolton, Canada) 51 150 19
Garden Style, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Canada) 55 150 21
Long Grain and Wild, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Canada) 54 150 20
Mexican Fast and Fancy, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Canada) 58 150 22
Saskatchewan wild rice (Canada) 57 150 18

Broken rice, blanco, cooked in rice cooker (Lion Foods, Bangkok, Thailand)
86±10 150 37
Glutinous rice, blanco, cooked in rice cooker (Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Mill, Bangkok, Thailand) 98±7 150 31
Jasmine rice, white long grain, cooked in rice cooker (Golden World Foods, Bangkok, Thailand) 109±10 150 46
Arroz, white low-amylose


Calrose, blanco, medium grain, hervido (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 83±13 150 36
Sungold, Pelde, parboiled (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 87±7 150 37
Waxy (0-2% amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 88±11 150 38
Pelde, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 93±11
150
40
Blanco, low-amylose, hervido (Turkey) 139 150 60
Arroz, white high-amylose


Bangladeshi rice variety BR16 (28% amylose) 37 150 14
Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, blanco, grano largo (27% amylose), hervido 17.5 min 39 150 15
promedio de dos estudios 38 150 15
Doongara, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 50±6

Doongara, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 64±9

Doongara, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 54±7

mean of three studies 56±4 150 22

Koshikari (Japonica), blanco, short-grain, hervido 15 min then steamed 10 min (Japan)
48±8 150 18
Basmati


Basmati, blanco, hervido (Mahatma brand, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 58±8 150 22
Precooked basmati rice in pouch, blanco, reheated in microwave, Uncle Ben's Express ® 57±4 150 24
(Masterfoods. Kings Lynn, Norfolk, UK)


Quick cooking white basmati, cooked 10 min, Uncle Ben's Superior (Masterfoods Olen, Belgium) 60±5 150 23
Arroz, brown


Brown (Canada) 66±5 150 21
Brown, steamed (USA) 5 50 150 16
Brown (Oriza Sativa), hervido (South India) 5 50±19 150 16
mean of three studies 55±5 150 18
Calrose brown (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 87±8 150 33
Doongara brown, high amylose (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 66±7 150 24
Pelde brown (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 76±6 150 29
Parboiled, cooked 20 min, Uncle Ben's Natur-reis ® (Masterfoods Olen, Belgium) 64±7 150 23
Sunbrown Quick TM (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 80±7 150 31
Instant/puffed rice


Instant rice, blanco, hervido 1 min (Canada) 46 150 19
Instant rice, blanco, cooked 6 min (Trice brand, Australia) 87 150 36
Puffed, blanco, cooked 5 min, Uncle Ben's Snabbris ® (Masterfoods Olen, Belgium) 74±5 150 31
mean of three studies 69±12 150 29
Instant doongara, blanco, cooked 5 min (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 94±7 150 35
Parboiled rice


Parboiled rice (Canada) 48 150 18
Parboiled rice (USA) 72 150 26
Converted, blanco, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Canada) 45 150 16

Converted, blanco, hervido 20-30 min, Uncle Ben's ® (Masterfoods USA, Vernon, CA)
38 150 14
Converted, blanco, grano largo, hervido 20-30 min, Uncle Ben's ® (Masterfoods USA) 50 150 18
Boiled, 12 min (Denmark) 6 39 150 14
Boiled, 12 min (Denmark) 42 150 15
Boiled, 12 min (Denmark) 43 150 16
Boiled, 12 min (Denmark) 46 150 17
Grano largo, hervido 5 min (Canada) 38 150 14
Grano largo, hervido, 10 min (USA) 5 61 150 22
Grano largo, hervido 15 min (Canada) 47 150 17
Grano largo, hervido 25 min (Canada) 46 150 17

mean of thirteen studies
47±3 150 17
Parboiled rice, eaten as part of a traditional Indian meal (India) 5 99

Parboiled, low-amylose


Bangladeshi rice variety BR2, parboiled (12% amylose) 51 150 19
Parboiled, low-amylose, Pelde, Sungold (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 87±7 150 34
Parboiled, high-amylose


Parboiled, high-amylose (28%), Doongara (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 50±6 150 19
Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, parboiled (28% amylose) 35 150 13
Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, traditionally parboiled (27% amylose) 32 150 12
Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, pressure parboiled (27% amylose) 27 150 11
Bangladeshi rice variety BR4, parboiled (27% amylose) 33 150 13
Mean of 5 studies 35±4 150 14
Rye, whole kernels


Rye, whole kernels (Canada) 29 50 (seca) 11
Rye, whole kernels, pressure cooked (15 psi) 30 min in 2 L water (Canada) 34 50 (seca) 13
Rye, whole kernels (Canada) 39 50 (seca) 15
mean of three studies 34±3 50 (seca) 13
Wheat


Trigo, whole kernels


Trigo, whole kernels (Triticum aestivum) (India) 11 30±9 50 (seca) 11
Trigo, whole kernels (Canada) 42 50 (seca) 14
Trigo, whole kernels, pressure cooked (15 psi) 30 min in 2 L water (Canada) 44 50 (seca) 14
Trigo, whole kernels (Canada) 48 50 (seca) 16
promedio de cuatro estudios 41±3 50 (seca) 14
Trigo, type NS(India) 90 50 (seca) 34
Trigo, precooked kernels


Durum wheat, precocido, cooked 20 min (Ebly, Chateaudun, France) 52±4 50 (seca) 19

Durum wheat, precocido, cooked 10 min (Ebly, France)
50±5 50 (seca) 17
Durum wheat, precooked in pouch, reheated in microwave, Ebly Express (Ebly, France) 40±5 125 16
Quick cooking (White Wings, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 54±11 150 25
Semolina


Semolina, roasted at 105 °C then gelatinised with water (India) 55±9

Semolina, steamed and gelatinised (India) 54±13

promedio de dos estudios 55±1 150 6
Cracked wheat (bulgur/bourghul)


Bulgur, hervidas (Canada) 46


Bulgur, hervido in 800 mL water 20 min (Canada)
46

Bulgur, hervido 20 min (Canada) 46

Bulgur, hervido 20 min (Canada) 53

promedio de cuatro estudios 48±2 150 12




COOKIES


Arrowroot


Arrowroot (McCormicks's, Interbare Foods, Toronto, Canada) 63 25 13
Arrowroot plus (McCormicks's, Canada) 62 25 11
Milk Arrowroot TM (Arnotts, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 69±7 25 12
mean of three studies 65±2 25 12

Barquette Abricot (LU, Ris, Orangis, France)
71±6 40 23
Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic) 57±9 50 19
Bebe Dobre Rano Honey and Hazelnuts (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic) 51±9 50 17
Bebe Jemne Susenky (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic) 67±11 25 14
Digestives


Digestives (Canada) 55

Digestives (Canada) 59±7

Digestives, Peak Freans (Nabisco Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 62

mean of three studies 59±2 25 10
Digestives, gluten-free (maize starch) (Nutricia Dietary Care Ltd., Redish, Stockport, UK) 58
25
10
Evergreen met Krenten (LU, Netherlands) 66±12 38 14
Golden Fruit (Griffin's Foods Ltd., Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 77±25 25 13
Graham Wafers (Christie Brown & Co., Toronto, Canada) 74 25 14
Gran'Dia Banana, Oats and Honey (LU, Brazil) 28±5 30 6
Grany en-cas Abricot (LU, France) 55±6 30 9
Grany en-cas Fruits des bois (LU, France) 50±5 30 7
Grany Rush Apricot (LU, Netherlands) 62±3 30 12
Highland Oatmeal TM (Westons biscuits, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 55±8 25 10
Highland Oatcakes (Walker's Shortbread Ltd., Aberlour-on-Spey, Scotland) 57 25 8
LU P'tit Déjeuner Chocolat (LU, France) 42±5 50 14
LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU, France) 45±5 50 16
LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU, France) 52±3 50 18
LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU, France) 49±8 50 18
mean of three studies 49±2 50 17
Maltmeal wafer (Griffin's Foods Ltd., Nueva Zelanda) 50±10 25 9
Morning Coffee TM (Arnotts, Australia) 79±6 25 15
Nutrigrain Fruits des bois (Kellogg's, France) 57±4 35 13
Oatmeal (Canada) 54±4 25 9

Oro (Saiwa, Italy)
61±9 40 20
Oro (Saiwa, Italy) 67±17 40 21
promedio de dos estudios 64±3 40 20
Petit LU Normand (LU, France) 51±3 25 10
Petit LU Roussillon (LU, France) 48±4 25 9
Prince Energie+ (LU, France) 73±5 25 13
Prince fourré chocolate (LU, France) 53±5

Prince fourré chocolate (LU, France) 50±5

promedio de dos estudios 52±2 45 16
Prince Meganana Chocolate (LU, Spain) 49±12 50 18
Prince Petit Déjeuner Vanille (LU, France and Spain) 45±6 50 16
Rich Tea (Canada) 55±4 25 10
Sablé des Flandres (LU, France) 57±10 20 8
Shortbread (Arnotts, Australia) 64±8 25 10
Shredded Wheatmeal TM (Arnotts, Australia) 62±4 25 11
Snack Right Fruit Slice (97% fat-free) (Arnott's, Australia) 45±3 25 9
Thé (LU, France) 41±7 20 6
Vanilla Wafers (Christie Brown & Co., Canada) 77 25 14
Véritable Petit Beurre (LU, France) 51±8 25 9




CRACKERS



Breton wheat crackers (Dare Foods Ltd., Kitchener, Canada)
67 25 10
Corn Thins, puffed corn cakes, gluten-free (Real Foods, St Peters, NSW, Australia) 87±10 25 18
Cream Cracker (LU Triumfo, Brazil) 65±11 25 11
High-calcium cracker (Danone, Malaysia) 52±8 25 9
Jatz TM, plain salted craker biscuits (Arnotts, Australia) 55±5 25 10
Puffed Crispbread (Westons, Australia) 81±9 25 15
Puffed rice cakes


Puffed rice cakes, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Leeton, NSW, Australia) 82±11 25 17
Rice cakes, Calrose rice (low-amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 91±7 25
19
Rice cakes, Doongara rice (high-amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 61±5 25 13
mean of three studies 78±9 25 17
Rye crispbread


Rye crispbread (Canada) 63 25 10
Ryvita TM (Canada) 69±10 25 11
High-fiber rye crispbread (Ryvita Company Ltd., Poole, Dorset, UK) 59 25 9
Rye crispbread (Ryvita Company Ltd., UK) 63 25 11
promedio de cuatro estudios 64±2 25 11
Kavli TM Norwegian Crispbread (Players Biscuits, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 71±7 25 12
Sao TM, plain square crackers (Arnotts, Australia) 70±9 25 12
Stoned Wheat Thins (Christie Brown & Co., Canada) 67 25 12
Water cracker


Water cracker (Canada) 63±9 25 11
Water cracker (Arnotts, Australia) 78±11 25 14
promedio de dos estudios 71±8 25 13
Premium Soda Crackers (Christie Brown & Co., Canada) 74 25 12
Vita-wheat TM, original, crispbread (Arnott's, Australia) 55±4 25 10




DAIRY PRODUCTS AND ALTERNATIVES


Custard



No Bake Egg Custard, prepared from powder with whole milk (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia)
35±2 100 6
Custard, home made from milk, wheat starch, and sugar (Australia) 43±10 100 7
TRIM TM, reduced-fat custard (Pauls Ltd., South Brisbane, Qld, Australia) 37±4 100 6
mean of three studies 38±2 100 6
Ice cream, Regular/NS


Ice cream, NS (Canada) 36±8

Ice cream (half vanilla, half chocolate) (Italy) 57

Ice cream, NS(USA) 62

Ice cream, chocolate flavored (USA) 68±15


Ice cream (half vanilla, half chocolate) (Italy)
80

mean of five studies 61±7 50 8
Ice cream, Reduced- or Low-fat


Ice cream, low-fat, vanilla, 'Light' (Peter's, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 50±8 50 3
Ice-cream, low-fat (1.2 % fat), Prestige Light rich vanilla (Norco, Lismore, NSW, Australia) 6 47±5 50 5
Ice-cream, low-fat (1.4% fat), Prestige Light traditional toffee (Norco, Australia) 6 37±4 50 5
Ice-cream, reduced-fat (7.1 % fat), Prestige golden macadamia (Norco, Australia) 6 39±3 50 5
Ice cream, Premium (high-fat)


Ice cream, premium, Ultra chocolate, 15% fat (Sara Lee, Gosford, NSW, Australia) 37±3 50 4
Ice cream, premium, French vanilla, 16% fat (Sara Lee, Australia) 38±3 50 3
Milk, full-fat


Full-fat (Italy) 11

Full-fat (3% fat, Skånemejerier, Malmö, Sweden) 6 21

Full-fat (Italy) 24

Full-fat cow's milk, fresh (Dairy Farmers, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 31±2

Full-fat (Canada) 34±6

Full-fat (USA) 40

mean of five studies 27±4 250 3

Fermented cow's milk (ropy milk, långfil, 3% fat) (Arla, Gävle, Sweden) 6
11

Fermented cow's milk (filmjölk, 3% fat) (Skånemejerier, Malmö, Sweden) 6 11

mean of two foods 11

Milk, full-fat, plus bran


Full-fat + 20g wheat bran (Italy) 25

Full-fat + 20g wheat bran (Italy) 28

promedio de dos estudios 27±2 250 3
Milk, skim (Canada) 32±5 250 4
Milk, condensed, sweetened (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 61±6 50 17
Milk, low-fat, chocolate, with aspartame, Lite White TM (Dairy Farmers, Australia)
24±6
250 3
Milk, low-fat, chocolate, with sugar, Lite White TM (Dairy Farmers, Australia) 34±4 250 9
Mousse, reduced-fat, prepared from commerical mousse mix with water


Butterscotch, 1.9% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 36±4 50 4
Chocolate, 2% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 31±4 50 3
Hazelnut, 2.4% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 36±4 50 4
Mango, 1.8% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 33±5 50 4
Mixed berry, 2.2% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 36±5 50 4
Strawberry, 2.3% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 32±3 50 3

mean of six foods
34±1 50 4
Pudding


instant, chocolate, made from powder and whole milk (White Wings, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 47±4 100 7
instant, vanilla, made from powder and whole milk (White Wings, Australia) 40±4 100 6
mean of two foods 44±4 100 7
Yoghurt


Yoghurt, type NS (Canada) 36±4 200 3
Low-fat yoghurt


Low-fat, fruit, aspartame, Ski TM (Dairy Farmers, Australia) 14±4 200 2

Low-fat, fruit, sugar, Ski TM (Dairy Farmers, Australia)
33±7 200 10
Low-fat (0.9%), fruit, wild strawberry (Ski d'lite TM, Dairy Farmers, Australia) 31±14 200 9
Non-fat yoghurt, sweetened with acesulfame K and Splenda


Diet Vaalia TM, exotic fruits (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 23±2 200 4
Diet Vaalia TM, mango (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 23±2 200 3
Diet Vaalia TM, mixed berry (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 25±3 200 3
Diet Vaalia TM, strawberry (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 23±2 200 3

Diet Vaalia TM, vanilla (Pauls Ltd, Australia) 6
23±2 200 3
mean of five foods 24±1 200 3
Reduced-fat yoghurt


Reduced-fat, Vaalia TM, apricot & mango (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 26±4 200 8
Reduced-fat, Vaalia TM, french vanilla (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 26±4 200 3
Reduced-fat, Extra-Lite TM, strawberry (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 28±4 200 9
mean of three foods 27±1 200 7
Yoghurt drink, reduced-fat, Vaalia TM, tropical passionfruit (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 38±4
200
11
Soy-based dairy product alternatives


Soy milks (containing maltodextrin)


Soy milk, full-fat (3%), 0 mg calcium, Original (So Natural Foods, Taren Point, NSW, Australia) 6 44±5 250 8
Soy milk, full-fat (3%), 120 mg calcium, Calciforte (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 36±4 250 6
Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), 120 mg calcium, Light (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 44±3 250 8
Soy milk drinks


Soy smoothie drink, banana, 1% fat (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 30±3 250 7

Soy smoothie drink, chocolate hazelnut, 1% fat (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6
34±3 250 8
mean of two drinks 32±2 250 7
Up & Go TM, cocoa malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast) 6 43±5 250 11
(Sanitarium, Berkeley Vale, NSW, Australia)


Up & Go TM, original malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast) 6 46±5 250 11
(Sanitarium, Australia)


mean of two drinks 45±2 250 11
Xpress TM, chocolate (soy bean, cereal and legume extract drink with fructose) 6 39±2 250 13
(So Natural Foods, Australia)



Soy yoghurt



Soy yoghurt, peach and mango, 2% fat, sugar (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 50±3 200 13
Tofu-based frozen dessert, chocolate with high-fructose (24%) corn syrup (USA) 115±14 50 10




FRUIT AND FRUIT PRODUCTS


Apples, raw


Apple, NS (Denmark) 28 120 4
Apple, Braeburn (New Zealand) 6 32±4 120 4
Apple, NS (Canada) 34 120 5
Apple, Golden Delicious (Canada) 39±3 120 6
Apple, NS(USA) 40 120 6
Apple, NS (Italy) 44 120 6
promedio de seis estudios 38±2 120 6
Apple juice


Jugo de manzana, unsweetened, reconstituted (Berrivale Orchards Ltd, Berri, SA, Australia) 39±5 250 10
Jugo de manzana, unsweetened (USA) 40 250 12
Jugo de manzana, unsweetened (Allens, Toronto, Canada) 41 250 12
mean of three studies 40±1 250 11
Apple, dried (Australia) 29±5 60 10
Apricots


Apricots, raw, NS (Italy) 57 120 5
Apricots, canned in light syrup (Riviera, Aliments Caneast Foods, Montreal, Canada ) 64 120 12
Apricots, dried (Australia) 30±7 60 8
Apricots, dried (Wasco foods, Montreal, Canada) 32 60 10
promedio de dos estudios 31±1 60 9
Apricot fruit bar, pureed dried apricot filling in wholemeal pastry 50±8 50 17
(Mother Earth, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda)


Apricot fruit spread, reduced sugar (Glen Ewin Jams, Para Hills, SA, Australia) 55±7 30 7
Apricot Fruity Bitz TM, vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snack 42±3 15 5
(Blackmores Ltd., Balgowlah, NSW, Australia)


Banana, raw


Banana (Canada) 46 120 12
Banana (Italy) 58 120 13
Banana (Canada) 58 120 15
Banana (Canada) 62±9 120 16
Banana (South Africa) 70±5 120 16
Banana, ripe (all yellow) (USA) 51 120 13
Banana, under-ripe (Denmark) 30 120 6
Banana, slightly under-ripe (yellow with green sections) (USA) 42 120 11
Banana, over-ripe (yellow flecked with brown) (USA) 48 120 12
Banana, over-ripe (Denmark) 52 120 11
promedio de 10 estudios 52±4 120 12
Banana, processed fruit fingers, Heinz Kidz TM (H J Heinz, Malvern, Vic, Australia) 61±11 30 12
Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), raw (Australia) 6 68 120 18
Cherries, raw, NS(Canada) 22 120 3
Chico (Zapota zapotilla coville), raw (Philippines) 6 40 120 12
Cranberry juice


Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray, Melbourne, Vic, Australia) 52±3 250 16
Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray Inc., Lakeville-Middleboro, MA, USA) 68±3 250 24

Cranberry juice drink, Ocean Spray ® (Gerber Ltd., Bridgewater, Somerset, UK)
56±4 250 16
Custard apple, raw, flesh only (Australia) 54±2 120 10
Dates, dried (Australia) 103±21 60 42
Figs, secas, tenderised, Dessert Maid brand (Ernest Hall & Sons, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 61±6 60 16
Fruit Cocktail, canned (Delmonte Canadian Canners Ltd., Hamilton, Canada) 55 120 9
Grapefruit, raw (Canada) 25 120 3
Grapefruit juice, unsweetened (Sunpac, Toronto, Canada) 48 250 9
Grapes, raw


Grapes, NS(Canada) 43 120 7

Grapes, NS (Italy)
49 120 9
promedio de dos estudios 46±3 120 8
Grapes, black, Waltham Cross (Australia) 59 120 11
Kiwi fruit, raw


Kiwi fruit, Hayward (New Zealand) 6 47±4 120 5
Kiwi fruit (Australia) 6 58±7 120 7
promedio de dos estudios 53±6 120 6
Lychee, canned in syrup and drained, Narcissus brand (China) 79±8 120 16
Mango, raw


Mango (Mangifera indica) (Philippines) 6 41 120 8

Mango (Mangifera indica) (Australia) 6
51±3 120 8
Mango, ripe (Mangifera indica) (India) 11 60±16 120 9
mean of three studies 51±5 120 8
Mango, low-fat frozen fruit dessert, Frutia TM (Weis Frozen Foods, Toowong, Qld, Australia) 42±3 100 10
Marmalade, orange (Australia) 48±9 30 9
Oranges, raw


Oranges, NS (Denmark) 31 120 3
Oranges, NS (South Africa) 33±6 120 3
Oranges, NS (Canada) 40±3 120 4
Oranges, NS (Italy) 48 120 5

Oranges (Sunkist, Van Nuys, CA, USA)
48 120 5
Oranges NS(Canada) 51 120 6
promedio de seis estudios 42±3 120 5
Orange juice


Orange Juice (Canada) 46±6 250 12
Orange juice, unsweetened, reconstituted concentrate, Quelch brand (Berri Ltd., Australia) 53±6 250 9
Orange juice, reconstituted from frozen concentrate (USA) 57±6 250 15
mean of three studies 52±3 250 12
Paw paw/papaya, raw


Paw paw (Carica papaya) (Australia) 6 56±6 120 5

Paw paw (papaya), ripe (India) 11
60±16 120 17
Papaya (Carica papaya) (Philippines) 6 60 120 9
mean of three studies 59±1 120 10
Peaches


Peach, raw (Canada) 28 120 4
Peach, raw (Italy) 56 120 5
promedio de dos estudios 42±14 120 5
Peach, canned in natural juice (Goulburn Valley, Ardmona Foods, Mooroopna, Vic, Australia) 30±4 120 3
Peach, canned in natural juice (SPC Ltd., Shepparton, Vic, Australia) 45±6 120 5
promedio de dos estudios 38±8 120 4

Peach, canned in heavy syrup (Letona Foods, Hawthorn East, Vic, Australia)
58±11 120 9
Peach, canned in light syrup (Delmonte, Canadian Canners Ltd.) 52 120 9
Peach, canned in reduced-sugar syrup, SPC Lite (SPC Ltd., Australia) 62±9 120 11
Pears


Pear, raw, NS(Canada) 33 120 4
Pear, Winter Nellis, raw (New Zealand) 6 34±4 120 4
Pear, Bartlett, raw (Canada) 41 120 3
Pear, raw, NS (Italy) 42 120 4
promedio de cuatro estudios 38±2 120 4

Pear halves, canned in reduced-sugar syrup, SPC Lite (SPC Ltd., Australia)
25±6 120 4
Pear halves, canned in natural juice (SPC Ltd., Australia) 43±15 120 5
Pear, canned in pear juice, Bartlett (Delmonte, Canadian Canners Ltd.) 44 120 5
Pineapple


Pineapple, raw (Australia) 6 66±7 120 6
Pineapple (Ananas comosus), raw (Philippines) 6 51 120 8
promedio de dos estudios 59±8 120 7
Pineapple juice, unsweetened (Dole Packaged Foods, Toronto, Canada) 46 250 15
Plums



Plum, raw, NS (Canada)
24 120 3
Plum, raw, NS (Italy) 53 120 6
promedio de dos estudios 39±15 120 5
Prunes, pitted (Sunsweet Growers Inc., Yuba City, CA, USA) 29±4 60 10
Raisins (Canada) 64±11 60 28
Rockmelon/Cantaloupe, raw (Australia) 6 65±9 120 4
Strawberries, fresh, raw (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 40±7 120 1
Strawberry jam 51±10 30 10
Strawberry processed fruit bars, Real Fruit Bars (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 90±12 30 23
Sultanas 56±11 60 25

Tomato juice, no added sugar (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 6
38±4 250 4
Tropical Fruity Bitz TM, vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snack 41±3 15 5
(Blackmores Ltd., Australia)


Vitari, wild berry, non-dairy, frozen fruit dessert (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 59±8 100 12
Watermelon, raw (Australia) 6 72±13 120 4
Wild Berry Fruity Bitz TM, vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snack 35±4 15 4
(Blackmores Ltd., Australia)






INFANT FORMULA AND WEANING FOODS


Formula


Infasoy TM, soy-based, milk-free (Wyeth Nutritionals, Baulkham Hills, NSW, Australia) 6 55±6 100 mL 4
Karicare TM gold starter formula with omega plus LCP oils (Nutricia, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 6 35±5 100 mL 2
Nan-1 TM infant formula with iron (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 30±6 100 mL 2
S-26 TM infant formula (Wyeth Nutritionals, Australia) 6 36±6 100 mL 3
Weaning Foods


Farex TM baby rice (Heinz Wattie's Ltd., Malvern, Vic, Australia) 6 95±13 87 6
Robinsons First Tastes from 4 months (Nutricia, Wells, UK)


Apple, apricot and banana cereal 6 56±8 75 7
Creamed porridge 6 59±8 75 5
Rice pudding 6 59±6 75 6
Heinz for Baby from 4 months (Heinz Wattie's Ltd., Australia)


Chicken and noodles with vegetables, strained 6 67±11 120 5
Sweetcorn and rice 6 65±13 120 10




Legumbres y Nueces



Baked Beans


Baked Beans, enlatados (Canada) 40±3


Baked Beans, canned haricot/navy beans in tomato sauce
56

(Libby, McNeill & Libby, Chatham, Canada)


promedio de dos estudios 48±8 150 7
Porotos, secos, hervidos


Beans, secas, type NS(Italy) 36 150 11
Beans, secas, type NS(Italy) 20 150 6
promedio de dos estudios 29±9 150 9
Blackeyed beans/peas (Cowpeas), hervido


Blackeyed beans (Canada) 50 150 15
Blackeyed beans (Canada) 33±4 150 10
promedio de dos estudios 42±9 150 13
Butter Beans


Butter beans (South Africa) 28±7 150 5
Butter beans, secas, cooked 1.25 h (South Africa) 29±8 150 6




Butter beans (Canada) 36±4 150 7
mean of three studies 31±3 150 6
Butter beans, secas, hervido + 5g sucrose (South Africa) 30±2 150 6




Butter beans, secas, hervido + 10g sucrose (South Africa) 31±2 150 6




Butter beans, secas, hervido + 15g sucrose (South Africa)
54±4
150 11




Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans, Bengal gram), hervido


Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum Linn), secas, soaked, hervido 35 min (Philippines) 10 150 3
Chickpeas, secas, hervidas (Canada) 31 150 9
Chickpeas (Canada) 33 150 10
Chickpeas (Canada) 36±5 150 11
promedio de cuatro estudios 28±6 150 8
Chickpeas, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 42 150 9
Chickpeas, curry, canned (Canasia Foods Ltd., Scarborough, Canada) 41 150 7

Haricot/Navy beans



Haricot/Navy beans, pressure cooked at 15 psi for 25 min (King Grains, Toronto, Canada) 29 150 9
Haricot/Navy beans, secas, hervidas (Canada) 30 150 9
Haricot/Navy beans, hervidas (Canada) 31±6 150 9
Haricot/Navy beans (King Grains, Canada) 39 150 12
Haricot/Navy beans, pressure cooked at15 psi for 25 min (King Grains, Canada) 59 150 19
mean of five studies 38±6 150 12
Kidney Beans


Kidney/white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn), soaked, hervido 17 min (Philippines) 13 150 3
Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) (India) 19 150 5
Kidney beans (USA) 5 23 150 6
Kidney beans, secas, hervido (Francia) 23±1 150 6
Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), rojas, soaked 20 min, hervido 70 min (Sweden) 25 150 6
Kidney beans (Canada) 29±8 150 7
Kidney beans, secas, hervidas (Canada) 42 150 10
Kidney beans (Canada) 46 150 11
mean of eight studies 28±4 150 7
Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) - autoclaved 34 150 8
Kidney beans, canned (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 52
150
9
Kidney beans, secas, soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h (India) 11 70±11 150 17
Black bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn), soaked overnight, cooked 45 min (Philippines) 20 150 5
Lentejas, tipo NS


Lentejas, type NS (USA) 28

Lentejas, type NS (Canada) 29±3

promedio de dos estudios 29±1 150 5
Lentejas, green


Lentejas, green, secas, hervidas (Canada) 22 150 4
Lentejas, green, secas, hervido (Francia) 30±15 150 6

Lentejas, green, secas, hervidas (Australia)
37±3 150 5
mean of three studies 30±4 150 5
Lentejas, green, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 52 150 9
Lentejas, rojas


Lentejas, rojas, secas, hervidas (Canada) 18 150 3
Lentejas, rojas, secas, hervidas (Canada) 21 150 4
Lentejas, rojas, secas, hervidas (Canada) 31 150 6
Lentejas, rojas, secas, hervidas (Canada) 32 150 6
promedio de cuatro estudios 26±4 150 5

Lima beans, baby, congelado, reheated in microwave oven (York, Canada Packers, Toronto, Canada)
32 150 10
Marrowfat peas


Marrowfat peas, secas, hervido (USA) 31

Marrowfat peas, secas, hervidas (Canada) 47±3

promedio de dos estudios 39±8 150 7
Porotos Mung


Mung bean (Phaseolus areus Roxb), soaked, hervido 20 min (Philippines) 31 150 5
Porotos Mung, fritos (Australia) 53±8

Porotos Mung, germinated (Australia) 25±4 150 4
Porotos Mung, pressure cooked (Australia)
42±5
150 7
Guisantes, secas, hervidas (Australia) 22 150 2
Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan Linn. Huth.), soaked, hervido 45 min (Philippines) 22 150 4
Pinto beans


Pinto beans, secas, hervidas (Canada) 39 150 10
Pinto beans, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 45 150 10
Romano beans (Canada) 46 150 8
Soya beans


Porotos de soya, secas, hervidas (Canada) 15±5 150 1
Porotos de soya, secas, hervidas (Australia) 20±3 150 1
promedio de dos estudios 18±3 150 1
Porotos de soya, enlatados (Canada) 14±2 150 1
Split peas, amarillas, hervido 20 min (Nupack, Mississauga, Canada) 32 150 6




MEAL REPLACEMENT PRODUCTS


Hazelnut & Apricot bar (Dietworks, South Yarra, Vic, Australia) 42±7 50 9
L.E.A.N TM products (Usana Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, US)


L.E.A.N Fibergy TM bar, Harvest Oat 45±4 50 13
Nutrimeal TM, drink powder, Dutch Chocolate 26±3 250 3

L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar TM, Peanut Crunch
30±4 40 6
L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar TM, Chocolate Crunch 32±4 40 6
mean of two Nutri bars 31±1 40 6
Worldwide Sport Nutrition reduced-carbohydrate products (2000 formulations)


(Worldwide Sport Nutritional Supplements Inc., Largo, FL, US)


Designer chocolate, sugar-free 6 14±3 35 3
Burn-it TM bars


Chocolate deluxe 6 29±3 50 2
Peanut butter 6 23±3 50 1
Pure-protein TM bars


Chewy choc-chip 6 30±4 80 4
Chocolate deluxe 6 38±4 80 5
Peanut butter 6 22±4 80 2
Strawberry shortcake 6 43±4 80 6
White chocolate mousse 6 40±4 80 6
Pure-protein TM cookies


Choc-chip cookie dough 6 25±3 55 3
Coconut 6 42±5 55 4
Peanut butter 6 37±7 55 3

Ultra pure-protein TM shakes



Cappuccino 47±6 250 1
Frosty chocolate 37±6 250 1
Strawberry shortcake 42±4 250 1
Vanilla ice cream 32±5 250 1




MIXED MEALS AND CONVENIENCE FOODS


Chicken nuggets, congelado, reheated in microwave oven 5 min (Savings, Grocery Holdings, 46±4 100 7
Tooronga, Vic, Australia)


Fish Fingers (Canada) 38±6 100 7
Greek lentil stew with a bread roll, caseros (Australia)
40±5
360 15
Kugel (Polish dish containing egg noodles, sugar, cheese and raisins) (Israel) 65±6 150 31
Lean Cuisine TM, French style chicken with rice, reheated (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 36±6 400 24
Pies, beef, party size (Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Australia) 45±6 100 12
Pizza


Pizza, queso (Pillsbury Canada Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 60 100 16
Pizza, plain baked dough, served with parmesan cheese and tomato sauce (Italy) 80 100 22
Pizza, Super Suprema, pan (11.4% fat) (Pizza Hut, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 36±6 100 9

Pizza, Super Suprema, delgado y crocante (13.2 % fat) (Pizza Hut, Australia)
30±4 100 7
Pizza, Suprema vegetariana, delgado y crocante (7.8 % fat) (Pizza Hut, Australia) 6 49±6 100 12
Salchichas, NS(Canada) 28±6 100 1
Sirloin chop with mixed vegetables and mashed potato, caseros (Australia) 66±12 360 35
Spaghetti a la bolognesa, caseros (Australia) 52±9 360 25
Stirfried vegetables with chicken and hervido white rice, caseros (Australia) 73±17 360 55
Sushi


Sushi, salmon (from 'I Love Sushi' chain store, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 48±8 100 17
Sushi, roasted sea algae, vinegar and rice (Japan) 55 100 20
Promedio de dos estudios 52±4 100 19
Arroz blanco hervido hamburguesa asada, queso y manteca (Francia) 27 440 14
Arroz blanco hervido hamburguesa asada, cheese and butter (France) 22 440 11
Mean in two groups of subjects 25±2 440 13
White bread with toppings


White wheat flour bread, butter, queso regular cow's milk and fresh cucumber (Sweden) 6 55 200 38
White wheat flour bread, butter, yoghurt and pickled cucumber (Sweden) 6 39 200 11

White bread with butter (Canada)
59 100 29
White bread with skim milk cheese (Canada) 55 100 26
White bread with butter and skim milk cheese (Canada) 62 100 23
White/wholemeal wheat bread with peanut butter (Canada) 51 100 23
White/wholemeal wheat bread with peanut butter (Canada) 67 100 30
promedio de dos estudios 59±8 100 26




NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT PRODUCTS


Choicedm TM, vanilla (Mead Johnson Nutritionals, Evansville, IN, US) 23±4 237mL 6

Enercal Plus TM, made from powder (Wyeth-Ayerst International Inc., Madison, NJ, US)
61±13 237mL 24
Ensure TM (Abbott Australasia, Kurnell, NSW, Australia) 50±8 237mL 19
Ensure TM, vanilla (Abbott Australasia) 48±3 250mL 16
Ensure TM bar, chocolate fudge brownie (Abbott Australasia) 43±3 38 8
Ensure Plus TM, vanilla (Abbott Australasia) 40±4 237mL 19
Ensure Pudding TM, old fashioned vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc., Ashland, OH, USA) 36±4 113 9
Glucerna TM, vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc., USA) 6 31±2 237mL 7
Jevity TM (Abbott Australasia) 48±3 237mL 17

Resource Diabetic TM, French vanilla (Novartis Nutrition Corp., Young America, MN, USA) 6
34±3 237mL 8
Resource Diabetic TM, Swiss chocolate (Novartis, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 16±4 237mL 7
Resource TM thickened orange juice, honey consistency (Novartis, Nueva Zelanda) 47±9 237mL 18
Resource TM thickened orange juice, nectar consistency (Novartis, Nueva Zelanda) 54±7 237mL 19
Resource TM fruit beverage, peach flavour (Novartis, Nueva Zelanda) 40±8 237mL 16
Sustagen TM, Dutch Chocolate (Mead Johnson, Bristol Myers Squibb, Rydalmere, NSW, Australia) 31±4 250mL 13
Sustagen TM Hospital with extra fiber, drink made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia) 33±4 250mL
15
Sustagen TM Instant Pudding, vanilla, made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia) 27±3 250 13
Ultracal TM with fiber (Mead Johnson, Evansville, IN, USA) 40 237 mL 12




PASTA and NOODLES


Capellini (Primo Foods Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 45 180 20
Corn pasta, gluten-free (Orgran Natural Foods, Carrum Downs, Vic, Australia) 78±10 180 32
Fettucine, egg


Fettucine, egg 32±4 180 15
Fettucine, egg (Mother Earth Fine Foods, Rowville, Vic, Australia) 47±6 180 22

promedio de dos estudios
40±8 180 18
Gluten-free pasta, maize starch, hervido 8 min (UK) 54 180 22
Gnocchi, NS (Latina, Pillsbury Australia Ltd., Mt. Waverley, Vic, Australia) 68±9 180 33
Instant noodles


Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi ® (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 46±5

Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi ® (Nestlé, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda) 48±8

Instant noodles (Mr Noodle, Vancouver, Canada) 47

mean of three studies 47±1 180 19
Linguine



Thick, durum wheat, blanco, fresh (Sweden)
43 180 21
Thick, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides, hervido 8 min (Sweden) 48 180 23
promedio de dos estudios 46±3 180 22
Thin, durum wheat (Sweden) 49 180 23
Thin, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides, hervido 3 min (Sweden) 61 180 29
Thin, fresh, durum wheat with 39% w/w egg, (Sweden) 45 180 18
Thin, fresh, with 0.6% w/w monoglycerides and 30% w/w egg, hervido 3 min (Sweden) 53 180 22
promedio de cuatro estudios 52±3 180 23
Mung bean noodles


Lungkow beanthread noodles (National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs, Qingdao & Guangdong, China) 26 180 12
Mung bean noodles (Longkou beanthread), secas, hervido (Yantai cereals, China) 39±9 180 18
promedio de dos estudios 33±7

Macaroni


Macaroni, simple, hervido 5 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 45 180 22
Macaroni, simple, hervido (Turkey) 48 180 23
promedio de dos estudios 47±2 180 23
Macaroni and Cheese, boxed (Kraft General Foods Canada Inc., Don Mills, Ontario) 64 180 32

Ravioli, durum wheat flour, meat filled, hervidas (Australia)
39±1 180 15
Rice noodles/pasta


Rice noodles, secas, hervido (Thai World, Bangkok, Thailand) 61±6 180 23
Rice noodles, freshly made, hervido (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 40±4 180 15
Rice pasta, brown, hervido 16 min (Rice Grower's Co-op., Leeton, NSW, Australia) 92±8 180 35
Rice and maize pasta, gluten-free, Ris'O'Mais (Orgran Foods, Carrum Downs, Vic, Australia) 76±6 180 37
Rice vermicelli, Kongmoon (National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs, China) 58 180 22
Spaghetti



Spaghetti, gluten-free, rice and split pea, canned in tomato sauce (Orgran Foods, Australia)
68±9 220 19
Spaghetti, protein enriched, hervido 7 min (Catelli Plus, Catelli Ltd., Montreal, Canada) 27 180 14
Spaghetti, blanco, hervido 5 min


Boiled 5 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 32 180 15
Boiled 5 min (Canada) 34 180 16
Boiled 5 min (Canada) 40 180 19
Boiled 5 min (Middle East) 44 180 21
promedio de cuatro estudios 38±3 180 18
Spaghetti, white or type NS, hervido 10-15 min


Blanco, durum wheat, hervido 10 min in salty water (Barilla, Parma, Italy) 12 58 180 28
Blanco, durum wheat flour, hervido 12 min (Starhushålls, Kungsörnen AB, Järna, Sweden) 47 180 23
Blanco, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides, hervido 12 min (Sweden) 53 180 25
Boiled 15 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 32 180 15
Boiled 15 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 36 180 17
Boiled 15 min (Canada) 41 180 20
Blanco, hervido 15 min in salted water (Unico, Concord, Canada) 44±3 180 21
mean of seven studies 44±3 180 21

Spaghetti, white or type NS, hervido 20 min



Blanco, durum wheat, hervido 20 min (Australia) 58±7 180 26
Durum wheat, hervido 20 min (USA) 64±15 180 27
promedio de dos estudios 61±3 180 27
Spaghetti, blanco, hervido


White (Denmark) 33 180 16
Blanco, durum wheat (Catelli Ltd, Montreal, Canada) 34 180 16
White (Australia) 38 180 17
White (Canada) 42 180 20
White (Canada) 48 180 23
White (Vetta, Greens Foods, Glendenning, NSW, Australia)
49±7
180 22
White (Canada) 50±8 180 24
mean of seven studies 42±3 180 20
Spaghetti, blanco, durum wheat semolina (Panzani, Marseilles, France)


Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 11 min 59±15 180 28
Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 16.5 min 65±15 180 31
Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 22 min 46±10 180 22
mean of three cooking times 57±6 180 27
Spaghetti, wholemeal, hervido


Wholemeal (USA) 32 180 14
Wholemeal (Canada)
42±4
180 17
promedio de dos estudios 37±5 180 16
Spirali, durum wheat, blanco, hervido to al denté texture (Vetta, Australia) 43±10 180 19
Split pea and soya pasta shells, gluten-free (Orgran Foods, Australia) 29±6 180 9
Star Pastina, blanco, hervido 5 minutes (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 38 180 18
Tortellini, cheese (Stouffer, Nestlé, Don Mills, Canada) 50 180 10
Udon noodles, simple, reheated 5 min (Fantastic, Windsor Gardens, SA, Australia) 6 62±8 180 30
Vermicelli, blanco, hervidas (Australia) 35±7 180 16





SNACK FOODS AND CONFECTIONERY



Burger Rings TM, barbeque-flavored (Smith's Snack Food Co., Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 90±16 50 28
Chocolate, leche, solo


Chocolate, leche, plain with sucrose (Belgium) 6 34±5 50 7
Chocolate, milk (Cadbury's Confectionery, Ringwood, Vic, Australia) 49±6 50 14
Chocolate, leche, Dove ® (Mars Confectionery, Ballarat, Vic, Australia) 45±8 50 13
Chocolate, milk (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 42±8 50 13
promedio de cuatro estudios 43±3 50 12
Chocolate, leche, simple, low-sugar with maltitol (Belgium) 6 35±16 50 8
Chocolate, blanco, Milky Bar ® (Nestlé, Australia) 44±6 50 13
Corn chips


Corn chips, simple, salted (Doritos TM original, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia, 1998) 42±4 50 11
Corn chips, simple, salted (Doritos TM original, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia, 1985) 72 50 18
Nachips TM (Old El Paso Foods Co., Canada) 74 50 21
mean of three studies 63±10 50 17
Fruit Bars


Apricot filled fruit bar (pureed dried apricot filling in wholemeal pastry) 50±8 50 17
(Mother Earth, Auckland, Nueva Zelanda)


Heinz Kidz TM Fruit Fingers, banana (HJ Heinz, Malvern, Vic, Australia) 61±11 30 12
Real Fruit Bars, strawberry (Uncle Toby's, Wahgunyah, Vic, Australia) 90±12 30 23
Roll-Ups ® , processed fruit snack (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 99±12 30 24
Fruity Bitz TM , vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snacks


Fruity Bitz TM, apricot (Blackmores Ltd., Balgowlah, NSW, Australia) 42±3 15 5
Fruity Bitz TM, berry (Blackmores Ltd., Australia) 35±4 15 4
Fruity Bitz TM, tropical (Blackmores Ltd., Australia) 41±3 15 5
mean of three flavours 39±2 15 4
Jelly beans


Jelly beans, assorted colors (Allen's, Nestle, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 80±8

Jelly beans, assorted colors (Savings, Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Vic, Australia) 76±6

promedio de dos estudios 78±2 30 22
Kudos Whole Grain Bars, chocolate chip (M & M/Mars, Hackettstown, NJ, USA) 62±8 50 20
Life Savers ® , peppermint candy (Nestlé, Australia) 70±6 30 21
M & M's ® , peanut (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 33±3 30 6
Mars Bar ®


Mars Bar ® (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 62±8 60 25
Mars Bar ® (M&M/Mars, USA) 68±12 60 27
promedio de dos estudios 65±3 60 26
Muesli bar containing dried fruit (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 61±7 30 13
Nougat, Jijona (La Fama, Spain) 32 30 4
Nutella ® , chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero Australia, Milson's Point, NSW, Australia) 33±4 20 4
Nuts


Cashew nuts, salted (Coles Supermarkets, Australia) 6 22±5 50 3
Peanuts


Peanuts, crushed (South Africa) 6 7±4 50 0

Peanuts (Canada) 6
13±6 50 1
Peanuts (Mexico) 6 23 50 2
mean of three studies 14±8 50 1
Popcorn


Popcorn, simple, cooked in microwave oven (Green's Foods, Glendenning, NSW, Australia) 55±7 20 6
Popcorn, simple, cooked in microwave oven (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 89 20 10
promedio de dos estudios 72±17 20 8
Pop Tarts TM, double choc (Kellogg's, Pagewood, NSW, Australia) 70±2 50 24
Potato crisps



Potato crisps, simple, salted (Arnott's, Homebush, NSW, Australia)
57 50 10
Potato crisps, simple, salted (Canada) 51±7 50 12
promedio de dos estudios 54±3 50 11
Pretzels, oven-baked, traditional wheat flavour (Parker's, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia) 83±9 30 16
Skittles ® (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 70±5 50 32
Snack bars


Snack bar, Apple Cinnamon (Con Agra Inc., Omaha, NE, USA) 40±8 50 12
Snack bar, Peanut Butter & Choc-Chip (Con Agra Inc., USA) 37±6 50 10
Snickers Bar ®



Snickers Bar ® (Mars Confectionery, Australia)
41±5 60 15
Snickers Bar ® (M&M/Mars, USA) 68 60 23
promedio de dos estudios 55±14 60 19
Twisties TM, cheese-flavoured, extruded snack, rice and corn (Smith's Snackfood Co., Australia) 74±5 50 22
Twix ® Cookie Bar, caramel (M&M/Mars, USA) 44±6 60 17




SPORTS BARS


Power Bar ®


Power Bar ® , chocolate (Powerfood Inc., Berkeley, CA, USA) 58±5

Power Bar ® , chocolate (Powerfood Inc., Berkeley, CA, USA) 53

promedio de dos estudios 56±3 65 24
Ironman PR bar ® , chocolate (PR Nutrition, San Diego, CA, USA) 39 65 10




SOUPS


Black Bean (Wil-Pack Foods, San Pedro, CA, USA) 64 250 17
Green Pea, canned (Campbell Soup Co Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 66 250 27
Lentil, canned (Unico, Concord, Canada) 44 250 9
Minestrone, Traditional, Country Ladle TM (Campbell's Soups, Homebush, NSW, Australia) 6 39±3 250 7
Noodle soup (traditional Turkish soup with stock and noodles) 1 250 0

Split Pea (Wil-Pak Foods, USA)
60 250 16
Tarhana soup (traditional Turkish soup with wheat flour, yogurt, tomate, peppers) 20

Tomato soup (Canada) 38±9 250 6




SUGARS AND SUGAR ALCOHOLS


Blue Agave cactus nectar, high-fructose


Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 90% fructose (Western Commerce Corp., City of Industry, 11±1 10 1
CA, USA) 6


Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 97% fructose (Western Commerce Corp., USA) 6 10±1 10 1

Fructose



25g portion (Sweeten Less, Maximum Nutrition Inc., Toronto, Canada) 6 11

50g portion (Sweeten Less, Maximum Nutrition Inc., Toronto, Canada) 12

50g portion 20±5

50g portion 21

50g portion (Sigma Chemical Company, St. Louis, MO, USA) 24

25g portion, fed with oats 28 25

promedio de seis estudios 19±2 10 2
Glucose


50 g portion (dextrose) 85

25g portion, fed with oats 28 92

50 g portion 93

50 g portion (dextrose) 96

50 g portion 96

50 g portion (Bio-Health, Dawson Traders Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 96

50 g portion 100

50 g portion (Glucodin TM glucose tablets, Boots, North Ryde, NSW, Australia) 102±9

25 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada) 6 103

50 g portion (dextrose) 111

100 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada) 12 114

mean of 11 studies 99±3 10 10

Glucose consumed with American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.)



25 g glucose (Glucodex solution, Rougier Inc., Chambly, Quebec) with 3 g dried ginseng 5 78 10 8
25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min after 3 g dried ginseng 5 80

25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min before 3 g dried ginseng 5 76

mean in two groups of subjects 78±2 10 8
Glucose consumed with gum/fiber


46 g Glucose + 15 g apple and orange fiber extract (FITA, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 79±3 10 6
(total carbohydrate content of drink = 50 g)



50 g Glucose + 14.5 g guar gum
62 10 6
50 g Glucose + 14.5 g oat gum (78% oat ß-glucan) 57 10 6
100 g Glucose + 20 g acacia gum 5 85 10 9
Glucose consumed with a mixed meal


30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger, 30 g cheese, 10 g butter 55

(total meal contained 50 g carbohydrate) (France)


30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger, 30 g cheese, 10 g butter 57

(total meal contained 50 g carbohydrate) (France)


mean in two groups of subjects 56±1 250 20

Honey



Locust honey (Romania) 6 32 25 7
Yellow box (46% fructose) (Australia) 6 35±4 25 6
Stringy Bark (52% fructose) (Australia) 6 44±4 25 9
Red Gum (35% fructose) (Australia) 6 46±3 25 8
Iron Bark (34% fructose) (Australia) 6 48±3 25 7
Yapunya (42 % fructose) (Australia) 6 52±5 25 9
Pure (Capilano Honey Ltd., Richlands, Qld, Australia) 58±6 25 12
Commercial Blend (38% fructose) (WA blend, Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia) 6 62±3 25 11
Salvation Jane (32% fructose) (Australia) 6 64±5 25 10
Commercial Blend (28% fructose) (NSW blend, Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia) 6 72±6 25 9
Honey, NS(Canada) 6 87±8 25 18
mean of 11 types of honey 55±5 25 10
Lactose


50 g lactose (Sigma Chemical Company, USA) 43

25 g lactose (BDH, Poole, UK) 6 48

25 g lactose 28 48

mean of three studies 46±2 10 5
50 g maltose 105±12 10 11
Sucrose


50 g sucrose (Sigma Chemical Company, USA) 58


50 g sucrose (Redpath Sugars, Toronto, Canada)
58

50 g sucrose 59±10

50 g sucrose 60

25 g sucrose (Redpath Sugars, Canada) 6 60

25 g sucrose 28 64

50 g sucrose 65±9

100 g sucrose (Redpath Sugars, Canada) 12 65

30 g sucrose 29 82

25 g sucrose 6 110±21

promedio de 10 estudios 68±5 10 7
Sugar alcohols and sugar-replacement compounds


Lactitol


25 g lactitol 30 -1±7

25 g lactitol MC (Danisco sweeteners, Redhill, Surrey, UK) 30 3±1

promedio de dos estudios 2±3 10 0
Litesse


25 g Litesse II, bulking agent with polydextrose and sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK) 30 7±2 10 1
25 g Litesse III ultra, bulking agent with polydextrose and sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK) 30 4±2 10 0
Maltitol-based sweeteners or bulking agents


25 g Malbit CR (87% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 30±12 10 3

25 g Maltidex 100 (> 72% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30
44±11 10 4
25 g Malbit CH (99% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 73±29 10 7
25 g Maltidex 200 (50% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 89±28 10 9
Xylitol


25 g xylitol 30 7±7

25 g Xylitol C (Danisco Sweeteners, UK) 30 8±2

promedio de dos estudios 8±1 10 1
VEGETABLES


Broad beans (Canada) 6 79±16 80 9
Green peas


Pea, congelado, hervidas (Canada) 6 39 80 3
Pea, congelado, hervidas (Canada) 6 51±6 80 4
Pea, green (Pisum Sativum) (India) 11 54±14 80 4
mean of three studies 48±5 80 3
Pumpkin (South Africa) 75±9 80 3
Maíz dulce


Maíz dulce, 'Honey & Pearl' variety (New Zealand) 37±12 80 6
Sweet corn on the cob, hervido 20 min (Sydney, Australia) 48 80 8
Maíz dulce (Canada) 59±11
80
11
Maíz dulce, hervido (USA) 60 80 11
Maíz dulce, hervido (USA) 60 80 11
Maíz dulce (Sudáfrica) 62±5 80 11
promedio de seis estudios 54±4 80 9
Maíz dulce, grano entero, empacado, Featherweight, enlatado, drained, heated (USA) 46 80 7
Maíz dulce, congelado, heated in microwave (Green Giant, Pillsbury Canada Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 47 80 7
Root vegetables


Beetroot (Canada) 6 64±16 80 5

Carrots



Carrots, raw (Romania) 5,6 16 80 1
Carrots, pelado, hervido (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 32±5 80 1
Carrots, pelado, hervido (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 49±2 80 2
Carrots, NS (Canada) 6 92±20 80 5
promedio de cuatro estudios 47±16 80 3
Cassava, hervido, with salt (Kenya, Africa) 46 100 12
Parsnips (Canada) 6 97±19 80 12
PAPAS



Baked potato



Ontario, blanco, baked in skin (Canada) 60 150 18
Baked, Russet Burbank potatoes


Russet, baked without fat (Canada) 56

Russet, cocido sin grasa, 45-60 min (USA) 78

Russet, baked without fat (USA) 94

Russet, baked without fat (USA) 111

promedio de cuatro estudios 85±12 150 26
Boiled potato


Desiree, pelado, hervido 35 min (Australia) 101±15 150 17
Nardine (New Zealand)
70±17
150 18
Ontario, blanco, pelado, cut into cubes, hervido in salted water 15 min (Canada) 58 150 16
Pontiac, pelado, hervido whole for 30 min (Australia) 56 150 14
Pontiac, pelado, hervido 35 min (Australia) 88±9 150 16
Prince Edward Island, pelado, cubed, hervido in salted water 15 min (Canada) 63 150 11
Sebago, pelado, hervido 35 min (Australia) 87±7 150 14
Boiled/cooked, white/Type NS


Type NS (Kenya, Africa) 24 150 7
Blanco, cooked (Romania) 5 41 150 12
Blanco, hervidas (Canada)
54
150 15
tipo NS, hervidas (Australia) 56 150 11
tipo NS, hervido en agua salada (India) 76 150 26
mean of five studies 50±9 150 14
tipo NS, hervido en agua salada, refrigerado, recalentado (India) 23 150 8
Papas en lata


Prince Edward Island, enlatado, microwave heated (Avon, Cobi Foods Inc., Port Williams, Canada) 61 150 11
New, enlatado, heated in microwave 3 min (Mint Tiny Taters, Edgell's, Cheltenham, Vic, Australia) B23 65±9 150 12
promedio de dos estudios 63±2 150 11

PAPAS FRITAS



Papas fritas, congeladas, recalentadas en microondas (Cavendish Farms, New Annan, Canada) 75 150 22
Instant Mashed potato


Instant (France) 74±12

Instant (Canada) 80±13

Instant (Edgell's Potato Whip, Edgell's, Australia) 86

Instant (Carnation Foods Co. Ltd., Manitoba, Canada) 86

Instant (Canada) 88

Instant mashed potato (Idahoan Foods, Lewisville, ID, USA) 97±6

promedio de seis estudios 85±3 150 17
Mashed potato


Tipo NS (Canada) 67

Type NS (South Africa) 71±10

Tipo NS (France) 83

mean of three studies 74±5 150 15
Prince Edward Island, pelado, cubed, hervido 15 min, mashed (Canada) 73 150 13
Pontiac, pelado, cubed, hervido 15 min, mashed (Australia) 91±9 150 18
Microwaved potato
150 12
Pontiac, peeled and microwave on high for 6-7.5 min (Australia) 79±9 150 14
tipo NS, microwaved (USA) 82 150 27

New Potato



New (Canada) 47

New (Canada) 54

New (Canada) 70±8

mean of three studies 57±7 150 12
New, unpeeled and hervido 20 min (Australia) 78±12 150 16
Steamed potato


Potato, pelado, steamed 1 h (Solanum Tuberosum) (India) 11 65±11 150 18
Potato dumplings (white wheat flour, white potatoes, hervido in salted water (Italy)) 52 150 24
Sweet potato


Sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas (Australia) 44 150 11
Sweet potato, NS (Canada) 48±6 150 16
Sweet potato, pelado, cubed, hervido in salted water 15 min (Canada) 59 150 18
Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand) 77±12 150 19
Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand) 78±6 150 20
mean of five studies 61±7 150 17
Swede


Swede (rutabaga) (Canada) 6 72±8 150 7
Tapioca


Tapioca hervido with milk (General Mills Canada Inc., Etobicoke, Canada) 81 250 14

Tapioca (Manihot Utilissima), steamed 1 h (India) 11
70±10 250 12
Taro


Taro (Colocasia esculenta) pelado, hervidas (Australia) 54

Taro, pelado, hervido (New Zealand) 56±12

promedio de dos estudios 55±1 150 4
Yam


Yam, pelado, hervido (New Zealand) 25±4

Yam, pelado, hervido (New Zealand) 35±5

Yam (Canada) 51±12

mean of three studies 37±8 150 13





INDIGENOUS OR TRADITIONAL FOODS OF DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS



AFRICAN


Brown beans (South Africa) 24±8 50 (seca) 6
Cassava, hervido, with salt (Kenya) 46 100 12
Ga kenkey, prepared from fermented cornmeal (Zea mays) (Ghana) 31 12±1 150 7
Gari, roasted cassava dough (Manihot utilissima) (Ghana) 31 56±3 100 15
Gram dhal (chana dal; South Africa) 5±3 50 (seca) 1
Maize meal porridge, unrefined, maize-meal:water = 1:3 (South Africa) 71±6 50 (seca) 25
Maize meal porridge, refined, maize-meal:water = 1:3 (South Africa) 74±7 50 (seca)
30
Maize meal porridge/gruel (Kenya) 109 50 (seca) 41
M'fino/Morogo, wild greens (South Africa) 68±8 120 34
Millet flour porridge/gruel (Kenya) 107

Unripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca) (Ghana) 31 40±4 120 (raw) 13
Yam (Dyscoria species) (Ghana) 31 66 150 23
ARABIC AND TURKISH


Hoummous (chickpea salad dip) 6±4 30 0
Kibbeh saynieh (made with lamb and burghul) 61±16 120 9
Lebanese bread (white, unleaved), hoummous, falafel and tabbouleh 86±12 120 39

Majadra (Syrian, lentils and rice)
24±5 250 10
Moroccan Couscous (stew of semolina, chickpeas, vegetables) 58±9 250 17
Stuffed Grapevine Leaves (rice and lamb stuffing with tomato sauce) 30±11 100 5
Tarhana soup (wheat flour, yogurt, tomate, green pepper) 20

Pan turco, harina blanca de trigo 87 30 15
Pan turco, harina integral 49 30 8
Turkish noodle soup 1 250 0
ASIAN


Broken rice, blanco, cooked in rice cooker (Lion foods, Bangkok, Thailand) 86±10 150 37

Butter rice, warm white rice and butter (Japan)
79 150 40
Curry rice (Japan) 67 150 41
Curry rice with cheese (Japan) 55 150 27
Glutinous rice, blanco, cooked in rice cooker (Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Co., Bangkok, Thailand) 98±7 150 31
Glutinous rice NS (Esubi Shokuhin, Japan) 86 150 55
Promedio de dos estudios 92±6 150 44
Glutinous rice ball with cut glutinous cake (mochi) (Japan) 48 75 14
Glutinous rice cake with dried sea algae (Japan) 83 75 32
Glutaminous rice flour, instant, served warm with roasted ground soybean (Japan) 65 100 27
Jasmine rice, blanco, cooked in rice cooker (Golden World Foods, Bangkok, Thailand) 109±10 150 46
Low-protein white rice with dried sea algae (Japan) 70 150 42
Lungkow beanthread (National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs, Qingdao & Guangdong, China) 26 180 12
Lychee, canned in syrup, drained (Narcissus brand, China) 79±8 120 16
Mung bean noodles, secas, hervido (China) 39±9 180 18
Non-glutaminous rice flour, served warm with drink (Yamato Nousan, Japan) 68 100 34
Rice cracker, plain (Sakada, Japan) 91 30 23
Rice gruel with dried algae (Satou Co Ltd., Japan) 81 250 15
Rice noodles, secas, hervido (Thai World, Bangkok, Thailand) 61±6 180 23
Rice noodles, fresh, hervido (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 40±4 180 15
Rice vermicelli, Kongmoon (National Cereals, China) 58 180 22
Roasted rice ball (Satou Co Ltd., Japan) 77 75 21
Salted rice ball (Satou Co Ltd., Japan) 80 75 20
Soba noodles, instant, reheated in hot water, served with soup (Japan) 46 180 22
Stirfried vegetables, chicken and rice, caseros (Australia) 73±17 360 55
Sushi, salmon ('I Love Sushi' chain store, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 48±8 100 17

Sushi, roasted sea algae, vinegar and rice (Japan)
55 100 20
Promedio de dos estudios 52±4 100 19
Udon noodles, fresh, reheated (Fantastic, Windsor Gardens, SA, Australia) 6 62±8 180 30
Udon noodles, instant, with sauce and fried bean curd (Nishin Shokuhin, Japan) 48 180 23
Promedio de dos estudios 55±7 180 26
White rice, dried sea algae and milk, eaten together (Japan) 57

White rice, dried sea algae and milk (milk eaten before rice) (Japan) 56

White rice, dried sea algae and milk (milk eaten after rice) (Japan) 55

Mean of three types 56±1 300 26
White rice with dried fish strip (okaka) (Japan) 79 150 40
White rice with fermented soybean (natto) (Japan) 56 150 24
White rice with instant miso soup (soybean paste soup) (Japan) 61 150 29
White rice with low-fat milk (Japan) 69 300 32
White rice and non-sugar yoghurt (yoghurt eaten before rice) (Japan) 59

White rice and non-sugar yoghurt eaten together (Japan) 58

Mean of two types 59±1 150 19
White rice with pickled vinegar and cucumber (pickled food eaten before rice) (Japan) 63

White rice with pickled vinegar and cucumber (pickled food eaten with rice) (Japan) 61

Mean of two types 62±1 150 27
White rice topped with raw egg and soy sauce (Japan) 72 150 26
White rice with roasted ground soybean (Japan) 56 150 29
White rice with salted dried plum (umeboshi) (Japan) 80 150 39
White rice with sea algae rolled in sheet of toasted sea algae (Japan) 77 150 39
ASIAN INDIAN


Amaranth, Amaranthus esculentum, popped, eaten with milk and 97±19 30 18
non-nutritive sweetener


Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum),eaten as roasted bread made from bajra flour 55±13

Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum) 49

Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum) 67

Mean of three studies 57±5 75 (dry) 29
Banana, (Musa sapientum), Nendra variety, unripe, steamed 1 h 11 70±11 120 31
Barley (Hordeum vulgare) 48

Barley (Hordeum vulgare) 37

Mean in two groups of subjects 43±6 150 16
Bengal gram dhal, chickpea (chana dal) 11 150 4
Black gram, (Phaseolus mungo), soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h 11 43±10 150 8
Chapatti


Chapatti, amaranth-wheat (25:75) composite flour, served with bottle gourd and tomato curry 66±10 60 20
Chapatti, amaranth-wheat (50:50) composite flour, served with bottle gourd and tomato curry 76±20 60 23
Chapatti, baisen 27

Chapatti, bajra 67

Chapatti, bajra 49

Mean in two groups of subjects 58±9

Chapatti, barley 37

Chapatti, barley 48

Mean in two groups of subjects 42±5

Chapatti, maize, (Zea mays) 64

Chapatti, maize, (Zea mays) 59

Mean in two groups of subjects 62±3

Chapatti, wheat, served with bottle gourd and tomato curry 66±9 60 21
Chapatti, flour from malted wheat, moth bean (Phaseolus aconitifolius) and 66±9 60 25
bengal gram (Cicer arietinum)


Chapatti, flour made from popped wheat, moth bean and bengal gram 40±8 60 14
Chapatti, flour from roller dried wheat, moth bean and bengal gram 60±9 60 23
Chapatti, wheat flour, thin, with green gram (Phaseolus aureus) dhal 81±4 200 41

Chapatti, wheat flour, thin, with green gram (Phaseolus aureus) dhal
44±3 200 22
Mean in two groups of subjects 63±19 200 32
Cheela (thin savoury pancake made from legume flour batter)


Cheela, bengal gram (Cicer arietinum) 42±1 150 12
Cheela, bengal gram (Cicer arietinum), fermented batter 36±1 150 10
Cheela, green gram (Phaseolus aureus) 45±1 150 12
Cheela, green gram (Phaseolus aureus), fermented batter 38±1 150 10
Dhokla, leavened, fermented, steamed cake; dehusked chickpea and wheat semolina 35±4


Dhokla, leavened, fermented, steamed cake; dehusked chickpea and wheat semolina
31±6

Mean in two groups of subjects 33±2 100 6
Dosai (parboiled and raw rice, soaked, ground, fermented and fried) with chutney 77±3 150 30
Dosai (parboiled and raw rice, soaked, ground, fermented and fried) with chutney 55±2 150 22
Mean in two groups of subjects 66±11 150 26
Green gram, (Phaseolus aureus), soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h 11 38±14 150 6
Green gram, whole with varagu (Paspalum scorbiculatum), pressure cooked 57±6 80 (dry) 29
Green gram dhal with varagu (Paspalum scorbiculatum), pressure cooked
78±12
78 (dry) 39
Horse gram, (Dolichos biflorus) soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h 11 51±11 150 15
Idli (parboiled and raw rice + black dhal, soaked, ground, fermented, steamed) with chutney 77±2 250 40
Idli (parboiled and raw rice + black dhal, soaked, ground, fermented, steamed) with chutney 60±2 250 31
Mean in two groups of subjects 69±9 250 36
Jowar, roasted bread made from Jowar flour (Sorghum vulgare) 77±8 70 (dry) 39
Laddu (popped amaranth, foxtail millet, roasted legume powder, fenugreek seeds) 24±4

in hot sweet syrup



Laddu (popped amaranth, foxtail millet, roasted legume powder, fenugreek seeds)
29±4

in hot sweet syrup


Mean in two groups of subjects 27±3 50 8
Lentil and cauliflower curry with rice (Australia) 60±10 360 31
Millet/Ragi, (Eleucine coracana), dehusked, soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h 11 68±10 150 23
Millet/Ragi (Eleucine coracana) 11 84 70 (dry) 42
Millet/Ragi (Eleucine coracana) flour eaten as roasted bread 104±13 70 (dry) 52
promedio de dos estudios 94±10

Pongal (rice and roasted green gram dhal, pressure cooked) 90±3

Pongal (rice and roasted green gram dhal, pressure cooked) 45±2

Mean in two groups of subjects 68±23 250 35
Poori (deep-fried wheat flour dough) with potato palya (mashed potato) 82±2

Poori (deep-fried wheat flour dough) with potato palya (mashed potato) 57±1

Mean in two groups of subjects 70±13 150 28
Rajmah, Phaseolus vulgaris 19 150 6
Arroz, (Oryza Sativa) hervido served with bottle gourd and tomato curry 69±15 150 26
Semolina


Semolina (Triticum aestivum), steamed 55±9 67 (dry) 28
Semolina (Triticum aestivum), pre-roasted 76±6 67 (dry) 38
Semolina (Triticum aestivum) with fermented black gram dhal (Phaseolus mungo) 46±12 71 (dry) 23
Semolina (Triticum aestivum) with fermented green gram dhal (Phaseolus aureus) 62±20 71 (dry) 31
Semolina (Triticum aestivum) with fermented bengal gram dhal (Cicer arietum) 54±7 71 (dry) 27
Tapioca (Manihot utilissima), steamed 1h 11 70±10 250 12
Varagu (Paspalum scorbiculatum), pressure cooked 15lb 12-15 min 68±8 76 (dry) 34
Upittu (roasted semolina and onions, cooked in water) 67±3

Upittu (roasted semolina and onions, cooked in water) 69±4

Mean in two groups of subjects 68±1 150 28
Uppuma kedgeree (millet, legumes, fenugreek seeds; roasted and cooked in water) 18±3

Uppuma kedgeree (millet, legumes, fenugreek seeds; roasted and cooked in water) 19±3

Mean in two groups of subjects 18±1 150 6
AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL


Acacia aneura, mulga seed, roasted, wet ground to paste 6 8 50 1
Acacia coriacea, desert oak,seed bread 6 46 75 11
Araucaria bidwillii, bunya tree nut, baked 10 min 6 47 50 7
Bush honey, sugar bag 6 43 30 11

Castanospermum australe, blackbean seed, sliced, soaked 1 wk, pounded and baked 6
8 50 1
Dioscorea bulbifera, cheeky yam, pelado, sliced, soaked 2 d, baked 15 min 6 34 150 12
Macrozamia communis, cycad palm seed, sliced, soaked 1 wk, pounded, baked 6 40±2 50 10
PACIFIC ISLANDERS


Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) (Australia) 6 68 120 18
Banana/plantain, green


Green banana, hervido (New Zealand) 38±10 120 8
Sweet Potato


Sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas (Australia) 44 150 11
Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand) 77±12 150 19
Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand) 78±6 150 20
mean of three studies 66±11 150 17
Taro


Taro (Colocasia esculenta) pelado, hervidas (Australia) 54

Taro, pelado, hervido (New Zealand) 56±12

promedio de dos estudios 55±1 150 4
Yam


Yam, pelado, hervido (New Zealand) 25±4

Yam, pelado, hervido (New Zealand) 35±5

mean of two groups of subjects
30±5
150 13
ISRAELI


Melawach (dough made from white wheat flour and butter, fried) 61±10

Melawach 71±7

promedio de dos estudios 66±5 115 35
Melawach + 15 g locust bean (Ceratonia siliqua) fiber (soluble) 31±6 130 16
Melawach + 15 g maize cob fiber (insoluble) 59±10 130 31
Melawach + 15 g lupin (Lupinus albus) fiber 72±10 130 38
PIMA INDIAN


Acorns, stewed with venison (Quercus emoryi) 6 16±1 100 1
Cactus jam (Stenocereus thurberi) 91 30 18
Corn hominy (Zea mays) 6 40±5 150 12
Fruit Leather (Stenocereus thurberi) 70 30 17
Lima beans broth (Phaseolus lunatus) 6 36±3 250 12
Mesquite cakes (Prosopis velutina) 6 25±3 60 1
Tortilla (Zea mays and Olneya tesota) 38 60 9
White teparies broth (Phaseolus acutifolius) 6 31±3 250 10
Yellow teparies broth (Phaseolus acutifolius) 6 29±3 250 8
LATINOAMERICA


Arepa, corn bread cake, made with corn flour (Mexico) 72 100 31
Arepa, made from ordinary dehulled dent corn flour (25% amylose) 9, 34 81 100 35
Arepa, made from dehulled high-amylose (70%) corn flour 9, 34 44 100 11
Black Beans 30 150 7
Brown Beans 38 150 9
Corn tortilla (Mexican) 52 50 12
Corn tortilla, served with refried mashed pinto beans and tomato sauce (Mexican) 39 100 9
Corn tortilla, fried, with mashed potato, fresh tomato and lettuce (Mexican) 78 100 11
Nopal (prickly pear cactus) 7 100 0
Pinto beans, hervido en agua salada 14 150 4

Tortilla de trigo (Mexicano)
30 50 8
Wheat tortilla served with refried pinto beans and tomato sauce (Mexican) 28 100 5

3 comentarios:

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Manitowoc Ice Machine dijo...

Such a great post. Thanks for sharing this dear........